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The Norton Anthology of English Literature

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A: The Middle Ages

ANGLO-SAXON LITERATURE

  • BEDE (ca. 673–735) and CÆDMON’S HYMN
    • An Ecclesiastical History of the English People
  • THE DREAM OF THE ROOD
  • BEOWULF
  • JUDITH
  • KING ALFRED (849–899)
    • Pastoral Care
  • THE WANDERER
  • THE WIFE’S LAMENT

ANGLO-NORMAN LITERATURE

  • THE ANGLO-SAXON CHRONICLE

Legendary histories of britain

  • GEOFFREY OF MONMOUTH
    • The History of the Kings of Britain
  • WACE
    • Le Roman de Brut
  • LAYAMON
    • Brut

Celtic contexts

  • EXILE OF THE SONS OF UISLIU
  • THOMAS OF ENGLAND
    • Le Roman de Tristran
  • MARIE DE FRANCE
    • Lanval
    • Chevrefoil

Main section continued

  • ANCRENE RIWLE
    • Rule for Anchoresses

MIDDLE ENGLISH LITERATURE IN THE FOURTEENTH AND FIFTEENTH CENTURIES

  • SIR GAWAIN AND THE GREEN KNIGHT (ca. 1375–1400)
  • GEOFFREY CHAUCER (ca. 1343–1400)
    • The canterbury tales
    • lyrics and occasional verse
      • Troilus’s Song
      • Truth
      • To His Scribe Adam
      • Complaint to His Purse
  • JOHN GOWER (ca. 1330–1408)
    • The Lover’s Confession
  • WILLIAM LANGLAND (ca. 1330–1387)
    • The Vision of Piers Plowman
  • WILLIAM LANGLAND
    • The Vision of Piers Plowman
  • MIDDLE ENGLISH INCARNATION AND CRUCIFIXION LYRICS
    • What is he, this lordling, that cometh from the fight
    • Ye That Pasen by the Weye
    • Sunset on Calvary
    • I sing of a Maiden
    • The Corpus Christi Carol
  • JULIAN OF NORWICH (1342–ca. 1416)
    • A Book of Showings to the Anchoress Julian of Norwich
  • MARGERY KEMPE (ca. 1373–1438)
    • The Book of Margery Kempe
  • THE YORK PLAY OF THE CRUCIFIXION (ca. 1425)
  • MYSTERY PLAYS
    • The Wakefield Second Shepherds’ Play
  • MIDDLE ENGLISH LYRICS
    • The Cuckoo Song
    • Alison
    • My Lief Is Faren in Londe
    • Western Wind
    • I Am of Ireland
    • Adam Lay Bound
  • SIR THOMAS MALORY (ca. 1405–1471)
    • Morte Darthur
  • ROBERT HENRYSON (ca. 1425–ca. 1500)
    • The Cock and the Fox
  • EVERYMAN (after 1485)

B: The Sixteenth Century and the Early Seventeenth Century

The Sixteenth Century (1485–1603)

  • JOHN SKELTON (ca. 1460–1529)
    • Mannerly Margery Milk and Ale
    • With lullay, lullay, like a child
    • The Tunning of Elinour Rumming
  • SIR THOMAS MORE (1478–1535)
    • Utopia
    • The History of King Richard III
  • SIR THOMAS WYATT THE ELDER (1503–1542)
    • The long love that in my thought doth harbor
    • Whoso list to hunt
    • Farewell, Love
    • I find no peace
    • My galley
    • Divers doth use
    • What vaileth truth?
    • Madam, withouten many words
    • They flee from me
    • The Lover Showeth How He Is Forsaken of Such as He
    • My lute, awake!
    • Forget not yet
    • Blame not my lute
    • Stand whoso list
    • Who list his wealth and ease retain
    • Mine own John Poins
  • HENRY HOWARD, EARL OF SURREY (1517–1547)
    • The soote season
    • Love, that doth reign and live within my thought
    • Alas! so all things now do hold their peace
    • Th’Assyrians’ king, in peace with foul desire
    • So cruel prison how could betide
    • Wyatt resteth here, that quick could never rest
    • O happy dames, that may embrace
    • Martial, the things for do attain
    • The Fourth Book of Virgil

Faith in conflict

  • THE ENGLISH BIBLE
    • Tyndale’s Translation
    • The Geneva Bible
    • The Douay-Rheims Version
    • The Authorized (King James) Version
  • WILLIAM TYNDALE
    • The Obedience of a Christian Man
  • THOMAS MORE
    • A Dialogue Concerning Heresies
  • JOHN CALVIN
    • The Institution of Christian Religion
  • ANNE ASKEW
    • The First Examination of Anne Askew
  • JOHN FOXE
    • Acts and Monuments
  • BOOK OF COMMON PRAYER
    • The Form of Solemnization of Matrimony
  • BOOK OF HOMILIES
    • An Homily Against Disobedience and Willful Rebellion
  • RICHARD HOOKER
    • Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity
  • ROBERT SOUTHWELL
    • The Burning Babe
  • ROGER ASCHAM (1515–1568)
    • The Schoolmaster
  • SIR THOMAS HOBY (1530–1566)
    • Castiglione’s The Courtier

women in power

  • MARY I (MARY TUDOR)
    • Letter to Henry VIII
    • An Ambassadorial Dispatch to the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V: The Coronation of Mary I
    • The Oration of Queen Mary in the Guildhall, on the First of February, 1554
  • LADY JANE GREY
    • Roger Ascham’s Schoolmaster
    • A Letter of the Lady Jane to M.H.
    • A Letter of the Lady Jane, Sent unto her father
    • A Prayer of the Lady Jane
    • A Second Letter to Her Father
    • Foxe’s Acts and Monuments
  • MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS
    • Casket Letter Number 2
    • A Letter to Elizabeth I, May 17, 1568
    • Narrative of the Execution of the Queen of Scots
  • ELIZABETH I
    • Verses Written with a Diamond
    • The Passage of Our Most Dread Sovereign Lady Queen Elizabeth through the City of London to Westminster on the Day before Her Coronation
    • Speech to the House of Commons, January 28, 1563 From A Speech to a Joint Delegation of Lords and Commons, November 5, 1566
    • A Letter to Mary, Queen of Scots, February 24, 1567
    • The doubt of future foes
    • On Monsieur’s Departure
    • A Letter to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, February 10, 1586
    • A Letter to Sir Amyas Paulet, August 1586
    • A Letter to King James VI of Scotland, February 14, 1587
    • Verse Exchange between Elizabeth and Sir Walter Ralegh
    • Speech to the Troops at Tilbury
    • The “Golden Speech”

Main section continued

  • ARTHUR GOLDING (1536–1605)
    • Ovid’s Metamorphoses 704 [The Four Ages]
  • EDMUND SPENSER (1552–1599)
    • The Shepheardes Calender
    • The Faerie Queene
    • Amoretti
    • Epithalamion
  • SIR WALTER RALEGH (1552–1618)
    • The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd What is our life?
    • [Sir Walter Ralegh to His Son]
    • The Lie
    • Farewell, false love
    • Methought I saw the grave where Laura lay
    • Nature, that washed her hands in milk
    • [The Author’s Epitaph, Made by Himself]
    • The discovery of the large, rich, and beautiful Empire of Guiana
    • The History of the World

The wider world

  • FROBISHER’S VOYAGES TO THE ARCTIC, 1576–78
    • A true discourse of the late voyages of discovery
  • DRAKE’S CIRCUMNAVIGATION OF THE GLOBE, 1577–80
    • The famous voyage of Sir Francis Drake into the South Sea
  • AMADAS AND BARLOWE’S VOYAGE TO VIRGINIA, 1584
    • The first voyage made to Virginia
  • HARIOT’S REPORT ON VIRGINIA, 1585
    • A brief and true report of the new-found land of Virginia

Main section continued

  • JOHN LYLY (1554–1606) Euphues: The Anatomy of Wit
    • [Euphues Introduced]
  • SIR PHILIP SIDNEY (1554–1586)
    • The Countess of Pembroke’s Arcadia
    • The Defense of Poesy
    • Astrophil and Stella
  • FULKE GREVILLE, LORD BROOKE (1554–1628)
    • Caelica
  • MARY (SIDNEY) HERBERT, COUNTESS OF PEMBROKE (1562–1621)
    • Psalm 52
    • Psalm 139
  • SAMUEL DANIEL (1562–1619) Delia
    • Delia
  • MICHAEL DRAYTON (1563–1631) Idea
    • Idea
    • Ode. To the Virginian Voyage
  • CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE (1564–1593)
    • Hero and Leander
    • The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
    • Doctor Faustus
  • WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE (1564–1616)
    • Sonnets
      • Sonnet 1 (“From fairest creatures we desire increase”)
      • Sonnet 3 (“Look in thy glass and tell the face thou viewest”)
      • Sonnet 12 (“When I do count the clock that tells the time”)
      • Sonnet 15 (“When I consider every thing that grows”)
      • Sonnet 18 (“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?”)
      • Sonnet 19 (“Devouring Time, blunt thou the lion’s paws”)
      • Sonnet 20 (“A woman’s face with Nature’s own hand painted”)
      • Sonnet 23 (“As an unperfect actor on the stage”)
      • Sonnet 29 (“When, in disgrace with Fortune and men’s eyes”)
      • Sonnet 30 (“When to the sessions of sweet silent thought”)
      • Sonnet 33 (“Full many a glorious morning have I seen”)
      • Sonnet 35 (“No more be grieved at that which thou hast done”)
      • Sonnet 55 (“Not marble, nor the gilded monuments”)
      • Sonnet 60 (“Like as the waves make towards the pebbled shore”)
      • Sonnet 62 (“Sin of self-love possesseth all mine eye”)
      • Sonnet 65 (“Since brass, nor stone, nor earth, nor boundless sea”)
      • Sonnet 71 (“No longer mourn for me when I am dead”)
      • Sonnet 73 (“That time of year thou mayst in me behold”)
      • Sonnet 74 (“But be contented; when that fell arrest”)
      • Sonnet 80 (“O, how I faint when I of you do write”)
      • Sonnet 85 (“My tongue-tied muse in manners holds her still”)
      • Sonnet 87 (“Farewell: thou art too dear for my possessing”)
      • Sonnet 93 (“So shall I live supposing thou art true”)
      • Sonnet 94 (“They that have power to hurt and will do none”)
      • Sonnet 97 (“How like a winter hath my absence been”)
      • Sonnet 98 (“From you have I been absent in the spring”)
      • Sonnet 105 (“Let not my love be called idolatry”)
      • Sonnet 106 (“When in the chronicle of wasted time”)
      • Sonnet 107 (“Not mine own fears, nor the prophetic soul”)
      • Sonnet 110 (“Alas, ’tis true I have gone here and there”)
      • Sonnet 116 (“Let me not to the marriage of true minds”)
      • Sonnet 126 (“O thou, my lovely boy, who in thy power”)
      • Sonnet 127 (“In the old age black was not counted fair”)
      • Sonnet 128 (“How oft when thou, my music, music play’st”)
      • Sonnet 129 (“Th’ expense of spirit in a waste of shame”)
      • Sonnet 130 (“My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun”)
      • Sonnet 135 (“Whoever hath her wish, thou hast thy Will”)
      • Sonnet 138 (“When my love swears that she is made of truth”)
      • Sonnet 144 (“Two loves I have of comfort and despair”)
      • Sonnet 146 (“Poor soul, the center of my sinful earth”)
      • Sonnet 147 (“My love is as a fever, longing still”)
      • Sonnet 152 (“In loving thee thou know’st I am forsworn”)
    • Twelfth Night
    • King Lear
      • The History of King Lear
      • The Tragedy of King Lear
  • THOMAS CAMPION (1567–1620)
    • My sweetest Lesbia
    • I care not for these ladies
    • When to her lute Corinna sings
    • Now winter nights enlarge
    • There is a garden in her face
    • Fain would I wed
  • THOMAS NASHE (1567–1601)
    • A Litany in Time of Plague
  • RICHARD BARNFIELD (1574–1627)
    • Cynthia

The Early Seventeenth Century (1603–1660)

  • JOHN DONNE (1572–1631)
    • songs and sonnets
      • The Flea
      • The Good-Morrow
      • Song (“Go and catch a falling star”)
      • The Undertaking
      • The Sun Rising
      • The Indifferent
      • The Canonization
      • Song (“Sweetest love, I do not go”)
      • Air and Angels
      • Break of Day
      • A Valediction: Of Weeping
      • Love’s Alchemy
      • A Nocturnal upon Saint Lucy’s Day, Being the Shortest Day
      • The Bait
      • The Apparition
      • A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning
      • The Ecstasy
      • The Funeral
      • The Blossom
      • The Relic
      • A Lecture upon the Shadow
    • Elegy 16. On His Mistress
    • Elegy 19. To His Mistress Going to Bed
    • Satire 3
    • Sappho to Philaenis
    • An Anatomy of the World: The First Anniversary
    • Holy Sonnets
      • Holy Sonnet 1 (“Thou hast made me, and shall thy work decay?”)
      • Holy Sonnet 5 (“I am a little world made cunningly”)
      • Holy Sonnet 7 (“At the round earth’s imagined corners, blow”)
      • Holy Sonnet 9 (“If poisonous minerals, and if that tree”)
      • Holy Sonnet 10 (“Death, be not proud, though some have calle`d thee”)
      • Holy Sonnet 11 (“Spit in my face, you Jews”)
      • Holy Sonnet 13 (“What if this present were the world’s last night?”)
      • Holy Sonnet 14 (“Batter my heart, three-personed God; for you”)
      • Holy Sonnet 17 (“Since she whom I loved hath paid her last debt”)
      • Holy Sonnet 18 (“Show me, dear Christ, thy spouse so bright and clear”)
      • Holy Sonnet 19 (“Oh, to vex me, contraries meet in one”)
    • Good Friday, 1613. Riding Westward
    • A Hymn to Christ, at the Author’s Last Going into Germany
    • Hymn to God My God, in My Sickness
    • A Hymn to God the Father
    • Biathanatos
    • Devotions upon Emergent Occasions
    • Death’s Duel
  • IZAAK WALTON (1593–1683)
    • The Life of Dr. John Donne
  • AEMILIA LANYER (1569–1645)
    • Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum
    • The Description of Cookeham
  • BEN JONSON (1572–1637)
    • The Masque of Blackness
    • Volpone, or The Fox
    • epigrams
      • To My Book
      • On Something, That Walks Somewhere To William Camden
      • On My First Daughter
      • To John Donne On Giles and Joan
      • On My First Son
      • On Lucy, Countess of Bedford
      • To Lucy, Countess of Bedford, with Mr. Donne’s Satires
      • To Sir Thomas Roe
      • Inviting a Friend to Supper
      • On Gut
      • Epitaph on S. P., a Child of Queen Elizabeth’s Chapel
    • the forest
      • To Penshurst
      • Song: To Celia
      • To Heaven
    • underwood
      • A Celebration of Charis in Ten Lyric Pieces: 4. Her Triumph
      • A Sonnet to the Noble Lady, the Lady Mary Wroth
      • My Picture Left in Scotland
      • To the Immortal Memory and Friendship of That Noble Pair, Sir Lucius Cary and Sir H. Morison
    • Slow, Slow, Fresh Fount
    • Queen and Huntress
    • Still to Be Neat
    • To the Memory of My Beloved, The Author, Mr. William Shakespeare
    • Ode to Himself
    • Timber, or Discoveries
  • MARY WROTH (1587–1651?)
    • The Countess of Montgomery’s Urania
    • Pamphilia to Amphilanthus
  • JOHN WEBSTER (1580?–1625?)
    • The Duchess of Malfi
  • ELIZABETH CARY (1585?–1639)
    • The Tragedy of Mariam, the Fair Queen of Jewry
  • JOSEPH SWETNAM
    • The Arraignment of Lewd, Idle, Froward, and Unconstant Women
  • RACHEL SPEGHT
    • A Muzzle for Melastomus

Forms of inquiry

  • SIR FRANCIS BACON (1561-1626)
    • essays
      • Of Truth
      • Of Marriage and Single Life
      • Of Great Place
      • Of Superstition
      • Of Plantations
      • Of Negotiating
      • Of Masques and Triumphs
      • Of Studies [1597 version]
      • Of Studies [1625 version]
    • The Advancement of Learning
    • Novum Organum
    • The New Atlantis
  • ROBERT BURTON (1577–1640)
    • The Anatomy of Melancholy
  • SIR THOMAS BROWNE (1605–1682)
    • Religio Medici
    • Hydriotaphia, or Urn-Burial
  • THOMAS HOBBES (1588–1679)
    • Leviathan
  • GEORGE HERBERT (1593–1633)
    • the temple
      • The Altar
      • Redemption
      • Easter
      • Easter Wings
      • Affliction (1)
      • Prayer (1)
      • Jordan (1)
      • Church Monuments 1612
      • The Windows
      • Denial
      • Virtue
      • Man
      • Jordan (2)
      • Time
      • The Bunch of Grapes 1617
      • The Pilgrimage
      • The Holdfast
      • The Collar
      • The Pulley
      • The Flower
      • The Forerunners 1622
      • Discipline
      • Death
      • Love (3)
  • HENRY VAUGHAN (1621–1695)
    • poems
      • A Song to Amoret
      • silex scintillans
        • Regeneration
        • The Retreat
        • Silence, and Stealth of Days!
        • Corruption
        • Unprofitableness
        • The World
        • They Are All Gone into the World of Light! 1634
        • Cock-Crowing
        • The Night
        • The Waterfall
  • RICHARD CRASHAW (ca. 1613–1649)
    • the delights of the muses 1640
      • Music’s Duel
    • steps to the temple
      • To the Infant Martyrs
      • I Am the Door
      • On the Wounds of Our Crucified Lord 1644 Luke 11.[27]
    • carmen deo nostro
      • In the Holy Nativity of Our Lord God: A Hymn Sung as by the Shepherds
      • To the Noblest & Best of Ladies, the Countess of Denbigh
      • The Flaming Heart
  • ROBERT HERRICK (1591–1674)
    • hesperides
      • The Argument of His Book 1654
      • Upon the Loss of His Mistresses 1655
      • The Vine
      • Dreams
      • Delight in Disorder
      • His Farewell to Sack
      • Corinna’s Going A-Maying
      • To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time 1659
      • The Hock-Cart, or Harvest Home 1660
      • How Roses Came Red
      • Upon the Nipples of Julia’s Breast 1661
      • Upon Jack and Jill. Epigram
      • To Marigolds
      • His Prayer to Ben Jonson
      • The Bad Season Makes the Poet Sad 1663
      • The Night-Piece, to Julia
      • Upon His Verses
      • His Return to London
      • Upon Julia’s Clothes
      • Upon Prue, His Maid
      • To His Book’s End
    • noble numbers
      • To His Conscience 1665
      • Another Grace for a Child
  • THOMAS CAREW (1595–1640)
    • An Elegy upon the Death of the Dean of Paul’s, Dr. John Donne 1666
    • To Ben Jonson
    • A Song (“Ask me no more where Jove bestows”) 1670 To Saxham
    • A Rapture
  • SIR JOHN SUCKLING (1609–1642)
    • Song (“Why so pale and wan, fond lover?”)
    • fragmenta aurea
      • Loving and Beloved
      • A Ballad upon a Wedding
    • the last remains of sir john suckling 1681
      • Out upon It!
  • RICHARD LOVELACE (1618–1657)
    • lucasta
      • To Lucasta, Going to the Wars 1682
      • The Grasshopper
      • To Althea, from Prison
    • Love Made in the First Age. To Chloris
  • EDMUND WALLER (1606–1687)
    • The Story of Phoebus and Daphne Applied Song (“Go, lovely rose!”)
  • ABRAHAM COWLEY (1618–1667)
    • Ode: Of Wit
  • KATHERINE PHILIPS (1632–1664)
    • A Married State
    • Upon the Double Murder of King Charles
    • Friendship’s Mystery, To My Dearest Lucasia 1692
    • To Mrs. M. A. at Parting
    • On the Death of My First and Dearest Child, Hector Philips
  • ANDREW MARVELL (1621–1678)
    • poems
      • The Coronet
      • Bermudas
      • A Dialogue Between the Soul and Body
      • The Nymph Complaining for the Death of Her Fawn 1700
      • To His Coy Mistress
      • The Definition of Love
      • The Picture of Little T. C. in a Prospect of Flowers 1705
      • The Mower Against Gardens
      • Damon the Mower
      • The Mower to the Glowworms
      • The Mower’s Song
      • The Garden
      • An Horatian Ode
      • Upon Appleton House

Crisis of authority

  • Reporting the News
    • The Moderate, No. 28, 16–23 January
      • [The Trial of King Charles I, the first day]
    • A Perfect Diurnal of Some Passages in Parliament, No. 288
      • [The Execution of Charles I]
  • Political Writing
    • ROBERT FILMER
      • Patriarcha
    • JOHN MILTON
      • The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates
    • GERRARD WINSTANLEY
      • A New Year’s Gift Sent to the Parliament and Army
  • Writing the Self
    • LUCY HUTCHINSON
      • Memoirs of the Life of Colonel John Hutchinson
        • [Charles I and Henrietta Maria]
    • EDWARD HYDE, EARL OF CLARENDON
      • The History of the Rebellion
        • [The Character of Oliver Cromwell]
    • LADY ANNE HALKETT
      • The Memoirs
        • [Springing the Duke]
    • DOROTHY WAUGH
      • A Relation Concerning Dorothy Waugh’s Cruel Usage by the Mayor of Carlisle

Main section continued

  • THOMAS TRAHERNE (1637–1674)
    • Centuries of Meditation
    • Wonder
    • On Leaping over the Moon
  • MARGARET CAVENDISH (1623–1673)
    • poems and fancies
      • The Poetess’s Hasty Resolution 1774
      • The Hunting of the Hare
      • A True Relation of My Birth, Breeding, and Life
      • The Description of a New World, Called The Blazing World
  • JOHN MILTON (1608–1674)
    • poems
      • On the Morning of Christ’s Nativity
      • On Shakespeare
      • L’Allegro
      • Il Penseroso
      • Lycidas
      • The Reason of Church Government Urged Against Prelaty
      • Areopagitica
    • sonnets
      • How Soon Hath Time
      • On the New Forcers of Conscience Under the Long Parliament
      • To the Lord General Cromwell, May
      • When I Consider How My Light Is Spent
      • On the Late Massacre in Piedmont
      • Methought I Saw My Late Espouse`d Saint
    • Paradise Lost

C: The Restoration and the Eighteenth Century (1660–1785)

  • JOHN DRYDEN (1631–1700)
    • Annus Mirabilis
    • Song from Marriage à la Mode
    • Absalom and Achitophel: A Poem
    • Mac Flecknoe
    • To the Memory of Mr. Oldham
    • A Song for St. Cecilia’s Day
    • Epigram on Milton
    • Alexander’s Feast
    • criticism
      • An Essay of Dramatic Poesy
      • The Author’s Apology for Heroic Poetry and Heroic License
      • A Discourse Concerning the Original and Progress of Satire
      • The Preface to Fables Ancient and Modern
  • SAMUEL PEPYS (1633–1703)
    • The Diary
  • JOHN BUNYAN (1628–1688)
    • The Pilgrim’s Progress
  • JOHN LOCKE (1632–1704)
    • An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
  • SIR ISAAC NEWTON (1642–1727)
    • A Letter of Mr. Isaac Newton
  • SAMUEL BUTLER (1612–1680)
    • Hudibras
  • JOHN WILMOT, SECOND EARL OF ROCHESTER (1647–1680)
    • The Disabled Debauchee
    • The Imperfect Enjoyment
    • Upon Nothing
    • A Satire against Reason and Mankind
  • APHRA BEHN (1640?–1689)
    • The Disappointment
    • Oroonoko, or The Royal Slave
  • WILLIAM CONGREVE (1670–1729)
    • The Way of the World
  • MARY ASTELL (1666–1731)
    • Some Reflections upon Marriage
  • DANIEL DEFOE (ca. 1660–1731)
    • Roxana
  • ANNE FINCH, COUNTESS OF WINCHILSEA (1661–1720)
    • The Introduction
    • A Nocturnal Reverie
  • MATTHEW PRIOR (1664–1721)
    • An Epitaph
    • A Better Answer
  • JONATHAN SWIFT (1667–1745)
    • A Description of a City Shower
    • Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift
    • A Tale of a Tub
    • Gulliver’s Travels
    • A Modest Proposal
  • JOSEPH ADDISON (1672–1719) and SIR RICHARD STEELE (1672–1729)
    • the periodical essay: manners, society, gender
      • Steele: [The Spectator’s Club] (Spectator 2)
      • Addison: [The Aims of the Spectator] (Spectator 10)
      • Steele: [Inkle and Yarico] (Spectator 11)
      • Addison: [The Royal Exchange] (Spectator 69)
    • the periodical essay: ideas
      • Addison: [Wit: True, False, Mixed] (Spectator 62)
      • Addison: [Paradise Lost: General Critical Remarks] (Spectator 267)
      • Addison: [The Pleasures of the Imagination] (Spectator 411)
      • Addison: [On the Scale of Being] (Spectator 519)
  • ALEXANDER POPE (1688–1744)
    • An Essay on Criticism
    • The Rape of the Lock
    • Eloisa to Abelard
    • An Essay on Man
    • Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot
    • The Dunciad: Book the Fourth
  • ELIZA HAYWOOD (1693?–1756)
    • Fantomina; or, Love in a Maze
  • LADY MARY WORTLEY MONTAGU (1689–1762)
    • The Lover: A Ballad
    • Epistle from Mrs. Yonge to Her Husband

Debating women: arguments in verse

  • JONATHAN SWIFT
    • The Lady’s Dressing Room
  • LADY MARY WORTLEY MONTAGU
    • The Reasons That Induced Dr. Swift to Write a Poem Called the Lady’s Dressing Room
  • ALEXANDER POPE
    • Impromptu to Lady Winchelsea
  • ANNE FINCH, COUNTESS OF WINCHILSEA
    • The Answer (To Pope’s Impromptu)
  • ALEXANDER POPE
    • Epistle 2. To a Lady
  • ANNE INGRAM, VISCOUNTESS IRWIN
    • An Epistle to Mr. Pope
  • MARY LEAPOR
    • An Essay on Woman
    • An Epistle to a Lady

Main section continued

  • JOHN GAY (1685–1732)
    • The Beggar’s Opera
  • WILLIAM HOGARTH (1697–1764)
    • Marriage A-la-Mode
  • SAMUEL JOHNSON (1709–1784)
    • The Vanity of Human Wishes
    • On the Death of Dr. Robert Levet
    • Rambler No. 5 [On Spring]
    • Idler No. 31 [On Idleness]
    • The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia
    • Rambler No. 4 [On Fiction]
    • Rambler No. 60 [Biography]
    • A Dictionary of the English Language
    • The Preface to Shakespeare
    • lives of the poets
      • Cowley
      • Milton
      • Pope
  • JAMES BOSWELL (1740–1795)
    • Boswell on the Grand Tour
    • The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D.
  • FRANCES BURNEY (1752–1840)
    • The Journal and Letters
    • [“Down with her, Burney!”]

Liberty

  • JOHN LOCKE
    • Two Treatises of Government
  • MARY ASTELL
    • A Preface, in Answer to Some Objections to Reflections upon Marriage
  • ANTHONY ASHLEY COOPER, THIRD EARL OF SHAFTESBURY
    • Sensus Communis: An Essay on the Freedom of Wit and Humor
  • JAMES THOMSON
    • Ode: Rule, Britannia
  • DAVID HUME
    • Of the Liberty of the Press
  • EDMUND BURKE
    • Speech on the Conciliation with the American Colonies
  • SAMUEL JOHNSON
    • [A Brief to Free a Slave]
  • OLAUDAH EQUIANO
    • The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African, Written by Himself

Main section continued

  • JAMES THOMSON (1700–1748)
    • The Seasons
  • THOMAS GRAY (1716–1771)
    • Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College
    • Ode on the Death of a Favorite Cat
    • Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
  • WILLIAM COLLINS (1721–1759)
    • Ode on the Poetical Character
    • Ode to Evening
  • CHRISTOPHER SMART (1722–1771)
    • Jubilate Agno
  • OLIVER GOLDSMITH (ca. 1730–1774)
    • The Deserted Village
  • GEORGE CRABBE (1754–1832)
    • The Village
  • WILLIAM COWPER (1731–1800)
    • The Task
    • The Castaway
  • POPULAR BALLADS
    • Lord Randall
    • Bonny Barbara Allan
    • The Wife of Usher’s Well
    • The Three Ravens
    • Sir Patrick Spens
    • The Bonny Earl of Murray

D: The Romantic Period

  • ANNA LETITIA BARBAULD (1743–1825)
    • The Mouse’s Petition
    • An Inventory of the Furniture in Dr. Priestley’s Study
    • A Summer Evening’s Meditation
    • Epistle to William Wilberforce, Esq. on the Rejection of the Bill for Abolishing the Slave Trade
    • The Rights of Woman
    • To a Little Invisible Being Who Is Expected Soon to Become Visible
    • Washing-Day
  • CHARLOTTE SMITH (1749–1806)
    • elegiac sonnets
      • Written at the Close of Spring
      • To Sleep
      • To Night
      • Written in the Church-Yard at Middleton in Sussex
      • On Being Cautioned against Walking on an Headland Overlooking the Sea, Because It Was Frequented by a Lunatic
      • The Sea View
      • The Emigrants
      • Beachy Head
  • MARY ROBINSON (1757?–1800)
    • January, 1795
    • London’s Summer Morning
    • The Camp
    • The Poor Singing Dame
    • The Haunted Beach
    • To the Poet Coleridge
  • WILLIAM BLAKE (1757–1827)
    • All Religions Are One
    • There Is No Natural Religion [a]
    • There Is No Natural Religion [b]
    • Songs of Innocence
    • Songs of Experience
    • The Book of Thel
    • Visions of the Daughters of Albion
    • The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
    • A Song of Liberty
    • blake’s notebook
      • Mock on, Mock on, Voltaire, Rousseau
      • Never pain to tell thy love
      • I aske`d a thief
    • And did those feet
    • From A Vision of the Last Judgment
    • Two Letters on Sight and Vision
  • ROBERT BURNS (1759–1796)
    • Green grow the rashes
    • Holy Willie’s Prayer
    • To a Mouse
    • To a Louse
    • Auld Lang Syne
    • Afton Water
    • Tam o’ Shanter: A Tale
    • Such a parcel of rogues in a nation
    • Robert Bruce’s March to Bannockburn
    • A Red, Red Rose
    • Song: For a’ that and a’ that

The revolution controversy and the “spirit of the age”

  • RICHARD PRICE
    • A Discourse on the Love of Our Country
  • EDMUND BURKE
    • Reflections on the Revolution in France
  • MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT
    • A Vindication of the Rights of Men
  • THOMAS PAINE
    • Rights of Man

Main section continued

  • MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT (1759–1797)
    • A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
    • Letters Written during a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark
  • JOANNA BAILLIE (1762–1851)
    • A Winter’s Day
    • A Mother to Her Waking Infant
    • Up! quit thy bower
    • Song: Woo’d and married and a’
    • Address to a Steam Vessel
  • MARIA EDGEWORTH (1768–1849)
    • The Irish Incognito
  • WILLIAM WORDSWORTH (1770–1850)
    • lyrical ballads
      • Simon Lee
      • We Are Seven
      • Lines Written in Early Spring
      • Expostulation and Reply
      • The Tables Turned
      • The Thorn
      • Lines Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey
      • Preface to Lyrical Ballads (1802)
    • Strange fits of passion have I known
    • She dwelt among the untrodden ways
    • Three years she grew
    • A slumber did my spirit seal
    • I travelled among unknown men
    • Lucy Gray
    • Nutting
    • The Ruined Cottage
    • Michael
    • Resolution and Independence
    • I wandered lonely as a cloud
    • My heart leaps up
    • Ode: Intimations of Immortality
    • Ode to Duty
    • The Solitary Reaper
    • Elegiac Stanzas
    • sonnets
      • Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802
      • It is a beauteous evening
      • To Toussaint l’Ouverture
      • September 1st, 1802
      • London, 1802
      • The world is too much with us
      • Surprised by joy
      • Mutability
      • Steamboats, Viaducts, and Railways
    • Extempore Effusion upon the Death of James Hogg
    • The Prelude, or Growth of a Poet’s Mind
      • Book First. Introduction, Childhood, and School-time
      • Book Second. School-time continued
      • Book Third. Residence at Cambridge
      • Book Fourth. Summer Vacation
      • Book Fifth. Books
      • Book Sixth. Cambridge, and the Alps
      • Book Seventh. Residence in London
      • Book Eighth. Retrospect, Love of Nature leading to Love of Man
      • Book Ninth. Residence in France
      • Book Tenth. France continued
      • Book Eleventh. France, concluded
      • Book Twelfth. Imagination and Taste, how impaired and restored
      • Book Thirteenth. Subject concluded
      • Book Fourteenth. Conclusion
  • DOROTHY WORDSWORTH (1771–1855)
    • The Alfoxden Journal
    • The Grasmere Journals
    • Grasmere—A Fragment
    • Thoughts on My Sick-Bed
  • SIR WALTER SCOTT (1771–1832)
    • The Lay of the Last Minstrel: Introduction
    • Proud Maisie
    • redgauntlet
      • Wandering Willie’s Tale
  • SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE (1772–1834)
    • The Eolian Harp
    • This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison
    • The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
    • Kubla Khan
    • Christabel
    • Frost at Midnight
    • Dejection: An Ode
    • The Pains of Sleep
    • To William Wordsworth
    • Epitaph
    • Biographia Literaria
    • Lectures on Shakespeare
    • The Statesman’s Manual
  • CHARLES LAMB (1775–1834)
    • On the Tragedies of Shakespeare, Considered with Reference to Their Fitness for Stage Representation
    • Christ’s Hospital Five-and-Thirty Years Ago
    • Detached Thoughts on Books and Reading
    • Old China
  • JANE AUSTEN (1775–1817)
    • Love and Friendship: A Novel in a Series of Letters
    • Plan of a Novel, According to Hints from Various Quarters
  • WILLIAM HAZLITT (1778–1830)
    • On Gusto
    • My First Acquaintance with Poets
  • THOMAS DE QUINCEY (1785–1859)
    • Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
    • On the Knocking at the Gate in Macbeth
    • Alexander Pope

The gothic and the development of a mass readership

  • HORACE WALPOLE
    • From The Castle of Otranto
  • ANNA LETITIA AIKIN (later BARBAULD) and JOHN AIKIN
    • On the Pleasure Derived from Objects of Terror; with Sir Bertrand, a Fragment
  • WILLIAM BECKFORD
    • Vathek
  • ANN RADCLIFFE
    • The Romance of the Forest
    • The Mysteries of Udolpho
  • MATTHEW GREGORY LEWIS
    • The Monk
  • ANONYMOUS
    • Terrorist Novel Writing
  • SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE
    • Review of The Monk by Matthew Lewis
    • Biographia Literaria

Main section continued

  • GEORGE GORDON, LORD BYRON (1788–1824)
    • Written after Swimming from Sestos to Abydos
    • She walks in beauty
    • They say that Hope is happiness
    • When we two parted
    • Stanzas for Music
    • Darkness
    • So, we’ll go no more a roving
    • childe harold’s pilgrimage
    • Manfred
    • don juan
    • Stanzas Written on the Road between Florence and Pisa
    • letters
      • To Thomas Moore (Jan. 28, 1817)
      • To Douglas Kinnaird (Oct. 26, 1819)
      • To Percy Bysshe Shelley (Apr. 26, 1821)
  • PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY (1792–1822)
    • Mutability
    • To Wordsworth
    • Alastor; or, The Spirit of Solitude
    • Mont Blanc
    • Hymn to Intellectual Beauty
    • Ozymandias
    • Stanzas Written in Dejection—December 1818, near Naples
    • A Song: “Men of England”
    • England in 1819
    • To Sidmouth and Castlereagh
    • To William Shelley
    • Ode to the West Wind
    • Prometheus Unbound
    • The Cloud
    • To a Sky-Lark
    • To Night
    • To ——— [Music, when soft voices die]
    • O World, O Life, O Time
    • Chorus from Hellas
    • Adonais
    • When the lamp is shattered
    • To Jane (The keen stars were twinkling)
    • A Defence of Poetry
  • JOHN CLARE (1793–1864)
    • The Nightingale’s Nest
    • Pastoral Poesy
    • [Mouse’s Nest]
    • A Vision
    • I Am
    • An Invite to Eternity
    • Clock a Clay
    • The Peasant Poet
    • Song [I hid my love]
    • Song [I peeled bits o’ straws]
    • Autobiographical Fragments
  • FELICIA DOROTHEA HEMANS (1793–1835)
    • England’s Dead
    • The Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers in New England
    • Casabianca
    • The Homes of England
    • Corinne at the Capitol
    • A Spirit’s Return
  • JOHN KEATS (1795–1821)
    • On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer
    • Sleep and Poetry
    • On Seeing the Elgin Marbles
    • Endymion: A Poetic Romance
    • On Sitting Down to Read King Lear Once Again
    • When I have fears that I may cease to be
    • To Homer
    • The Eve of St. Agnes
    • Why did I laugh tonight? No voice will tell
    • Bright star, would I were stedfast as thou art
    • La Belle Dame sans Merci: A Ballad
    • Sonnet to Sleep
    • Ode to Psyche
    • Ode to a Nightingale
    • Ode on a Grecian Urn
    • Ode on Melancholy
    • Ode on Indolence
    • Lamia
    • To Autumn
    • The Fall of Hyperion: A Dream
    • This living hand, now warm and capable
    • letters
      • To Benjamin Bailey (Nov. 22, 1817)
      • To George and Thomas Keats (Dec. 21, 27 [?], 1817)
      • To John Hamilton Reynolds (Feb. 3, 1818)
      • To John Taylor (Feb. 27, 1818)
      • To John Hamilton Reynolds (May 3, 1818)
      • To Richard Woodhouse (Oct. 27, 1818)
      • To George and Georgiana Keats (Feb. 14–May 3, 1819)
      • To Fanny Brawne (July 25, 1819)
      • To Percy Bysshe Shelley (Aug. 16, 1820)
      • To Charles Brown (Nov. 30, 1820)
  • MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT SHELLEY (1797–1851)
    • The Last Man: Introduction
    • The Mortal Immortal
  • LETITIA ELIZABETH LANDON (1802–1838)
    • The Proud Ladye
    • Love’s Last Lesson
    • Revenge
    • The Little Shroud

E: The Victorian Age (1830–1901)

  • THOMAS CARLYLE (1795–1881)
    • Sartor Resartus
    • Past and Present
  • JOHN HENRY CARDINAL NEWMAN (1801–1890)
    • The Idea of a University
  • JOHN STUART MILL (1806–1873)
    • What Is Poetry?
    • On Liberty
    • The Subjection of Women
    • Autobiography
  • ELIZABETH BARRETT BROWNING (1806–1861)
    • The Cry of the Children
    • To George Sand: A Desire
    • To George Sand: A Recognition
    • Sonnets from the Portuguese
    • The Runaway Slave at Pilgrim’s Point
    • Aurora Leigh
    • Mother and Poet
  • ALFRED, LORD TENNYSON (1809–1892)
    • Mariana
    • The Lady of Shalott
    • The Lotos-Eaters
    • Ulysses
    • Tithonus
    • Break, Break, Break
    • The Epic [Morte d’Arthur]
    • Locksley Hall
    • the princess
      • Tears, Idle Tears
      • Now Sleeps the Crimson Petal
      • [“The woman’s cause is man’s”]
    • In Memoriam A. H. H.
    • The Charge of the Light Brigade
    • idylls of the king
      • The Coming of Arthur
      • The Passing of Arthur
      • Crossing the Bar
  • EDWARD FITZGERALD (1809–1883)
    • Ruba´iya´ t of Omar Khayya´m
  • ELIZABETH GASKELL (1810–1865)
    • The Old Nurse’s Story
  • CHARLES DICKENS (1812–1870)
    • A Visit to Newgate
  • ROBERT BROWNING (1812–1889)
    • Porphyria’s Lover
    • Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister
    • My Last Duchess
    • The Lost Leader
    • How They Brought the Good News from Ghent to Aix
    • The Bishop Orders His Tomb at Saint Praxed’s Church
    • A Toccata of Galuppi’s
    • Love among the Ruins
    • “Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came”
    • Fra Lippo Lippi
    • Andrea del Sarto
    • A Grammarian’s Funeral
    • An Epistle Containing the Strange Medical Experience of Karshish, the Arab Physician
    • Caliban upon Setebos
    • Abt Vogler
    • Rabbi Ben Ezra
  • EMILY BRONTË (1818–1848)
    • I’m happiest when most away
    • The Night-Wind
    • Remembrance
    • Stars
    • The Prisoner. A Fragment
    • No coward soul is mine
  • JOHN RUSKIN (1819–1900)
    • Modern Painters
    • The Stones of Venice
  • GEORGE ELIOT (1819–1880)
    • Margaret Fuller and Mary Wollstonecraft
    • Silly Novels by Lady Novelists
  • MATTHEW ARNOLD (1822–1888) 0000
    • Isolation. To Marguerite
    • To Marguerite—Continued
    • The Buried Life
    • Memorial Verses
    • Lines Written in Kensington Gardens
    • The Scholar Gypsy
    • Dover Beach
    • Stanzas from the Grande Chartreuse
    • Preface to Poems (1853)
    • The Function of Criticism at the Present Time
    • Culture and Anarchy
    • The Study of Poetry
    • Literature and Science
  • THOMAS HENRY HUXLEY (1825–1895)
    • Science and Culture
    • Agnosticism and Christianity
  • GEORGE MEREDITH (1828–1909)
    • Modern Love
  • DANTE GABRIEL ROSSETTI (1828–1882)
    • The Blessed Damozel
    • My Sister’s Sleep
    • Jenny
    • The House of Life
  • CHRISTINA ROSSETTI (1830–1894)
    • Song (“She sat and sang alway”)
    • Song (“When I am dead, my dearest”)
    • After Death
    • Dead before Death
    • Cobwebs
    • A Triad
    • In an Artist’s Studio
    • A Birthday
    • An Apple-Gathering
    • Winter: My Secret
    • Up-Hill
    • Goblin Market
    • “No, Thank You, John”
    • Promises Like Pie-Crust
    • In Progress
    • A Life’s Parallels
    • Later Life
    • Cardinal Newman
    • Sleeping at Last
  • WILLIAM MORRIS (1834–1896)
    • The Defence of Guenevere
    • How I Became a Socialist
  • ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE (1837–1909)
    • Hymn to Proserpine
    • Hermaphroditus
    • Ave atque Vale
  • WALTER PATER (1839–1894)
    • Studies in the History of the Renaissance
  • GERARD MANLEY HOPKINS (1844–1889)
    • God’s Grandeur
    • The Starlight Night
    • As Kingfishers Catch Fire
    • Spring
    • The Windhover
    • Pied Beauty
    • Hurrahing in Harvest
    • Binsey Poplars
    • Duns Scotus’s Oxford
    • Felix Randal
    • Spring and Fall: to a young child
    • [Carrion Comfort]
    • No worst, there is none
    • I wake and feel the fell of dark, not day
    • That Nature Is a Heraclitean Fire
    • Thou art indeed just, Lord
    • Journal

Light verse

  • EDWARD LEAR (1812–1888)
    • Limerick (“There was an Old Man who supposed”)
    • The Jumblies
  • LEWIS CARROLL (1832–1898)
    • Jabberwocky
    • [Humpty Dumpty’s Explication of “Jabberwocky”]
    • The White Knight’s Song
  • W. S. GILBERT (1836–1911)
    • When I, Good Friends, Was Called to the Bar
    • If You’re Anxious for to Shine in the High Aesthetic Line

Victorian issues

  • EVOLUTION
    • Charles Darwin: The Origin of Species
    • Charles Darwin: The Descent of Man
    • Leonard Huxley: The Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley
    • Sir Edmund Gosse: From Father and Son
  • INDUSTRIALISM: PROGRESS OR DECLINE?
    • Thomas Babington Macaulay
      • A Review of Southey’s Colloquies
    • The Children’s Employment Commission
      • From First Report of the Commissioners, Mines
    • Friedrich Engels
      • The Great Towns
    • Charles Kingsley
      • Alton Locke
    • Charles Dickens
      • Hard Times
    • Anonymous
      • Poverty Knock
    • Henry Mayhew
      • London Labour and the London Poor
    • Annie Besant
      • The “White Slavery” of London Match Workers
    • Ada Nield Chew
      • A Living Wage for Factory Girls at Crewe
  • THE “WOMAN QUESTION”: THE VICTORIAN DEBATE ABOUT GENDER
    • Sarah Stickney Ellis
      • The Women of England: Their Social Duties and Domestic Habits
    • Coventry Patmore
      • The Angel in the House
    • John Ruskin
      • Of Queens’ Gardens
    • Harriet Martineau
      • Autobiography
    • Anonymous
      • The Great Social Evil
    • Dinah Maria Mulock
      • A Woman’s Thoughts about Women
    • Florence Nightingale
      • Cassandra
    • Mona Caird
      • Marriage
    • Walter Besant
      • The Queen’s Reign
  • EMPIRE AND NATIONAL IDENTITY
    • Thomas Babington Macaulay
      • Minute on Indian Education
    • William Howard Russell
      • My Diary in India, In the Year 1858–9
    • Eliza Cook
      • The Englishman
    • Charles Mackay
      • Songs from “The Emigrants”
    • Anonymous
      • [Proclamation of an Irish Republic]
    • Matthew Arnold
      • From On the Study of Celtic Literature
    • James Anthony Froude
      • From The English in the West Indies
    • John Jacob Thomas
      • Froudacity
    • Alfred, Lord Tennyson
      • Opening of the Indian and Colonial Exhibition by the Queen
    • T. N. Mukharji
      • A Visit to Europe II
    • Joseph Chamberlain
      • The True Conception of Empire
    • J. A. Hobson
      • Imperialism: A Study

Late victorians

  • MICHAEL FIELD (Katherine Bradley: 1846–1914; and Edith Cooper: 1862–1913)
    • [Maids, not to you my mind doth change]
    • [A girl]
    • Unbosoming
    • [It was deep April, and the morn]
    • To Christina Rossetti
    • Nests in Elms
    • Eros
  • WILLIAM ERNEST HENLEY (1849–1903)
    • In Hospital
    • Invictus
  • ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON (1850–1894)
    • The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
  • OSCAR WILDE (1854–1900)
    • Impression du Matin
    • The Harlot’s House
    • The Critic as Artist
    • Preface to The Picture of Dorian Gray
    • The Importance of Being Earnest
    • De Profundis
  • BERNARD SHAW (1856–1950)
    • Mrs Warren’s Profession
  • MARY ELIZABETH COLERIDGE (1861–1907)
    • The Other Side of a Mirror
    • The Witch
  • RUDYARD KIPLING (1865–1936)
    • The Man Who Would Be King
    • Danny Deever
    • The Widow at Windsor
    • Recessional
    • The White Man’s Burden
    • If—
  • ERNEST DOWSON (1867–1900)
    • Cynara
    • They Are Not Long

F: The Twentieth Century and After

  • THOMAS HARDY (1840–1928)
    • On the Western Circuit
    • Hap
    • Neutral Tones
    • I Look into My Glass
    • A Broken Appointment
    • Drummer Hodge
    • The Darkling Thrush
    • The Ruined Maid
    • A Trampwoman’s Tragedy
    • One We Knew
    • She Hears the Storm
    • Channel Firing
    • The Convergence of the Twain
    • Ah, Are You Digging on My Grave?
    • Under the Waterfall
    • The Walk
    • The Voice
    • The Workbox
    • During Wind and Rain
    • In Time of ‘The Breaking of Nations’
    • He Never Expected Much
  • JOSEPH CONRAD (1857–1924)
    • Preface to The Nigger of the “Narcissus”
    • Heart of Darkness
  • A. E. HOUSMAN (1859–1936)
    • Loveliest of Trees
    • When I Was One-and-Twenty
    • To an Athlete Dying Young
    • Terence, This Is Stupid Stuff
    • The Chestnut Casts His Flambeaux
    • Epitaph on an Army of Mercenaries

Voices from world war I

  • RUPERT BROOKE (1887–1915)
    • The Soldier
  • EDWARD THOMAS (1878–1917)
    • Adlestrop
    • Tears
    • The Owl
    • Rain
    • The Cherry Trees
    • As the Team’s Head Brass
  • SIEGFRIED SASSOON (1886–1967)
    • ‘They’
    • The Rear-Guard
    • The General
    • Glory of Women
    • Everyone Sang
    • On Passing the New Menin Gate
    • Memoirs of an Infantry Officer
  • IVOR GURNEY (1890–1937)
    • To His Love
    • The Silent One
  • ISAAC ROSENBERG (1890–1918)
    • Break of Day in the Trenches
    • Louse Hunting
    • Returning, We Hear the Larks
    • Dead Man’s Dump
  • WILFRED OWEN (1893–1918)
    • Anthem for Doomed Youth
    • Apologia Pro Poemate Meo
    • Miners
    • Dulce Et Decorum Est
    • Strange Meeting
    • Futility
    • S.I.W.
    • Disabled
    • Owen’s Letters to His Mother
    • Preface
  • MAY WEDDERBURN CANNAN (1893–1973)
    • Rouen
    • Grey Ghosts and Voices
  • ROBERT GRAVES (1895–1985)
    • Goodbye to All That
    • The Dead Fox Hunter
    • Recalling War
  • DAVID JONES (1895–1974)
    • in parenthesis

Modernist manifestos

  • T. E. HULME
    • Romanticism and Classicism (w. 1911–12)
  • F. S. FLINT AND EZRA POUND
    • Imagisme; A Few Don’ts by an Imagiste (1913)
  • AN IMAGIST CLUSTER
    • T. E. Hulme
      • Autumn
    • Ezra Pound
      • In a Station of the Metro
    • H. D.
      • Oread
      • Sea Rose
  • Blast (1914)
    • Long Live the Vortex!
    • Blast 6
  • MINA LOY
    • Feminist Manifesto (w. 1914)

Main section continued

  • WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS (1865–1939)
    • The Stolen Child
    • Down by the Salley Gardens
    • The Rose of the World
    • The Lake Isle of Innisfree
    • The Sorrow of Love
    • When You Are Old
    • Who Goes with Fergus?
    • The Man Who Dreamed of Faeryland
    • Adam’s Curse
    • No Second Troy
    • The Fascination of What’s Difficult
    • A Coat
    • September 1913
    • Easter, 1916
    • The Wild Swans at Coole
    • In Memory of Major Robert Gregory
    • The Second Coming
    • A Prayer for My Daughter
    • Leda and the Swan
    • Sailing to Byzantium
    • Among School Children
    • A Dialogue of Self and Soul
    • Byzantium
    • Crazy Jane Talks with the Bishop
    • Lapis Lazuli
    • Under Ben Bulben
    • Man and the Echo
    • The Circus Animals’ Desertion
    • Introduction [A General Introduction for My Work]
  • E. M. FORSTER (1879–1970)
    • The Other Boat
  • VIRGINIA WOOLF (1882–1941)
    • The Mark on the Wall
    • Modern Fiction
    • A Room of One’s Own
    • Professions for Women
    • A Sketch of the Past
  • JAMES JOYCE (1882–1941)
    • Araby
    • The Dead
    • Ulysses
    • Finnegans Wake
  • D. H. LAWRENCE (1885–1930)
    • Odour of Chrysanthemums
    • The Horse Dealer’s Daughter
    • Why the Novel Matters
    • Love on the Farm
    • Piano
    • Tortoise Shout
    • Bavarian Gentians
    • Snake
    • Cypresses
    • How Beastly the Bourgeois Is
    • The Ship of Death
  • T. S. ELIOT (1888–1965)
    • The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
    • Sweeney among the Nightingales
    • The Waste Land
    • The Hollow Men
    • Journey of the Magi
    • four quartets
    • Tradition and the Individual Talent
    • The Metaphysical Poets
  • KATHERINE MANSFIELD (1888–1923)
    • The Daughters of the Late Colonel
    • The Garden Party
  • JEAN RHYS (1890–1979)
    • The Day They Burned the Books
    • Let Them Call It Jazz
  • STEVIE SMITH (1902–1971)
    • Sunt Leones
    • Our Bog Is Dood
    • Not Waving but Drowning
    • Thoughts About the Person from Porlock
    • Pretty
  • GEORGE ORWELL (1903–1950)
    • Shooting an Elephant
    • Politics and the English Language
  • SAMUEL BECKETT (1906–1989)
    • Endgame
  • W. H. AUDEN (1907–1973)
    • Petition
    • On This Island
    • Lullaby
    • Spain
    • As I Walked Out One Evening
    • Muse´e des Beaux Arts
    • In Memory of W. B. Yeats
    • The Unknown Citizen
    • September 1, 1939
    • In Praise of Limestone
    • The Shield of Achilles
    • [Poetry as Memorable Speech]
  • LOUIS MacNEICE (1907–1963)
    • Sunday Morning
    • The Sunlight on the Garden
    • Bagpipe Music
    • Star-Gazer
  • DYLAN THOMAS (1914–1953)
    • The Force That Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower
    • The Hunchback in the Park
    • Poem in October
    • Fern Hill
    • Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night

Voices from world war II

  • EDITH SITWELL (1887–1964)
    • Still Falls the Rain
  • HENRY REED (1914–1986)
    • Lessons of the War
  • KEITH DOUGLAS (1920–1944)
    • Gallantry
    • Vergissmeinnicht
    • Aristocrats
  • CHARLES CAUSLEY (1917–2003)
    • At the British War Cemetery, Bayeux
    • Armistice Day

Nation and language

  • CLAUDE McKAY (1890–1948)
    • Old England
    • If We Must Die
  • HUGH MacDIARMID (1892–1978)
    • [The Splendid Variety of Languages and Dialects]
    • A Drunk Man Looks at the Thistle
    • In Memoriam James Joyce
    • Another Epitaph on an Army of Mercenaries
  • LOUISE BENNETT (b. 1919)
    • Jamaica Language
    • Dry-Foot Bwoy
    • Colonization in Reverse
    • Jamaica Oman
  • BRIAN FRIEL (b. 1929)
    • Translations
  • KAMAU BRATHWAITE (b. 1930)
    • [Nation Language]
    • Calypso
  • WOLE SOYINKA (b. 1934)
    • Telephone Conversation
  • TONY HARRISON (b. 1937)
    • Heredity
    • National Trust
    • Book Ends
    • Long Distance
    • Turns
    • Marked with D.
  • NGU˜ GI˜ WA THIONG’O (b. 1938)
    • Decolonising the Mind
  • SALMAN RUSHDIE (b. 1947)
    • [English Is an Indian Literary Language]
  • JOHN AGARD (b. 1949)
    • Listen Mr Oxford Don

Main section continued

  • DORIS LESSING (b. 1919)
    • To Room Nineteen
  • PHILIP LARKIN (1922–1985)
    • Church Going
    • MCMXIV
    • Talking in Bed
    • Ambulances
    • High Windows
    • Sad Steps
    • Homage to a Government
    • The Explosion
    • This Be The Verse
    • Aubade
  • NADINE GORDIMER (b. 1923)
    • The Moment before the Gun Went Off
  • A. K. RAMANUJAN (1929–1993)
    • Self-Portrait
    • Elements of Composition
    • Foundlings in the Yukon
  • THOM GUNN (1929–2004)
    • Black Jackets
    • My Sad Captains
    • From the Wave
    • Still Life
    • The Missing
  • DEREK WALCOTT (b. 1930)
    • A Far Cry from Africa
    • The Schooner Flight
    • The Season of Phastasmal Peace
    • omeros
  • TED HUGHES (1930–1998)
    • Wind
    • Relic
    • Pike
    • Out
    • Theology
    • Crow’s Last Stand
    • Daffodils
  • HAROLD PINTER (b. 1930)
    • The Dumb Waiter
  • CHINUA ACHEBE (b. 1930)
    • Things Fall Apart
    • An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness
  • ALICE MUNRO (b. 1931)
    • Walker Brothers Cowboy
  • GEOFFREY HILL (b. 1932)
    • In Memory of Jane Fraser
    • Requiem for the Plantagenet Kings
    • September Song
    • Mercian Hymns
    • An Apology for the Revival of Christian Architecture in England
  • V. S. NAIPAUL (b. 1932)
    • One Out of Many
  • TOM STOPPARD (b. 1937)
    • Arcadia
  • LES MURRAY (b. 1938)
    • Morse
    • On Removing Spiderweb
    • Corniche
  • SEAMUS HEANEY (b. 1939)
    • Digging
    • The Forge
    • The Grauballe Man
    • Punishment
    • Casualty
    • The Skunk
    • Station Island
    • Clearances
    • The Sharping Stone
  • J. M. COETZEE (b. 1940)
    • Waiting for the Barbarians
  • EAVAN BOLAND (b. 1944)
    • Fond Memory
    • That the Science of Cartography Is Limited
    • The Dolls Museum in Dublin
    • The Lost Land
  • SALMAN RUSHDIE (b. 1947)
    • The Prophet’s Hair
  • ANNE CARSON (b. 1950)
    • The Glass Essay
    • Epitaph: Zion
  • PAUL MULDOON (b. 1951)
    • Meeting the British
    • Gathering Mushrooms
    • Milkweed and Monarch
    • The Grand Conversation
  • CAROL ANN DUFFY (b. 1955)
    • Warming Her Pearls
    • Medusa
    • Mrs Lazarus


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