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The Norton Anthology of American Literature

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A. -1820

Literature to 1700

  • STORIES OF THE BEGINNING OF THE WORLD
    • The Iroquois Creation Story (version by David Cusick)
    • Pima Stories of the Beginning of the World (versions by Thin Leather and J. W. Lloyd)
    • The Story of the Creation
    • The Story of the Flood
  • CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS (1451–1506)
    • From Letter to Luis de Santangel Regarding the First Voyage (February 15, 1493)
    • From Letter to Ferdinand and Isabella Regarding the Fourth Voyage (July 7, 1503)
  • BARTOLOMÉ DE LAS CASAS (1474–1566)
    • The Very Brief Relation of the Devastation of the Indies
  • ÁLVAR NÚÑEZ CABEZA DE VACA (c. 1490–1558)
    • The Relation of Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca
  • THOMAS HARRIOT (1560–1621)
    • A Brief and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia
  • JOHN SMITH (1580–1631)
    • The General History of Virginia, New England, and the Summer Isles
    • A Description of New England
    • New England’s Trials
  • NATIVE AMERICAN TRICKSTER TALES
    • WINNEBAGO
      • Felix White Sr.’s Introduction to Wakjankaga (transcribed and translated by Kathleen Danker and Felix White)
      • The Winnebago Trickster Cycle (edited by Paul Radin)
    • SIOUX
      • Ikto Conquers Iya, the Eater (transcribed and edited by Ella C. Deloria)
    • KOASATI
      • The Bungling Host (versions by Bel Abbey and Selin Williams; recorded and translated by John R. Swanton and Geoffrey Kimball)
    • CLATSOP CHINOOK
      • Coyote Establishes Fishing Taboos (translated and transcribed by Franz Boas and William Bright)
    • NAVAJO
      • Coyote, Skunk, and the Prairie Dogs (performed by Hugh Yellowman; recorded and translated by Barre Toelken)
  • WILLIAM BRADFORD (1590–1657)
    • Of Plymouth Plantation
  • THOMAS MORTON (c. 1579–1647)
    • New English Canaan
  • JOHN WINTHROP (1588–1649)
    • A Model of Christian Charity
    • The Journal of John Winthrop
  • THE BAY PSALM BOOK
    • Psalm 2 [“Why rage the Heavens furiously”]
    • Psalm 19 [“The heavens doe declare”]
    • Psalm 23 [“The Lord to mee a shepherd is”]
    • Psalm 24 [“The earth Iehovah’s is”]
    • Psalm 100 [“Make yee a joyfull sounding noyse”] (both versions)
    • Psalm 120 [“Vnto the Lord, in my distresse”]
  • ROGER WILLIAMS (c. 1603–1683)
    • A Key into the Language of America
    • The Bloody Tenet of Persecution
    • A Letter to the Town of Providence
  • ANNE BRADSTREET (c. 1612–1672)
    • The Prologue
    • In Honor of that High and Mighty Princess Queen Elizabeth of Happy
    • Memory
    • To the Memory of My Dear and Ever Honored Father Thomas
    • Dudley Esq.
    • To Her Father with Some Verses
    • Contemplations
    • The Flesh and the Spirit
    • The Author to Her Book
    • Before the Birth of One of Her Children
    • To My Dear and Loving Husband
    • A Letter to Her Husband, Absent upon Public Employment
    • Another [Letter to Her Husband, Absent upon Public Employment]
    • In Reference to Her Children, 23 June, 1659
    • In Memory of My Dear Grandchild Elizabeth Bradstreet
    • In Memory of My Dear Grandchild Anne Bradstreet
    • On My Dear Grandchild Simon Bradstreet
    • For Deliverance from a Fever
    • Here Follows Some Verses upon the Burning of Our House
    • As Weary Pilgrim
    • To My Dear Children
  • MICHAEL WIGGLESWORTH (1631–1705)
    • The Day of Doom
  • MARY ROWLANDSON (c. 1636–1711)
    • A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson
  • EDWARD TAYLOR (c. 1642–1729)
    • Psalm Two (First Version)
    • PREPARATORY MEDITATIONS
      • Prologue
      • Meditation 8 (First Series)
      • Meditation 16 (First Series)
      • Meditation 22 (First Series)
      • Meditation 38 (First Series)
      • Meditation 42 (First Series)
      • Meditation 26 (Second Series)
      • Meditation 150 (Second Series)
    • GOD’S DETERMINATIONS
      • The Preface
      • The Soul’s Groan to Christ for Succor
      • Christ’s Reply
    • Upon Wedlock, and Death of Children
    • Upon a Wasp Chilled with Cold
    • Huswifery
    • A Fig for Thee, Oh! Death
  • SAMUEL SEWALL (1652–1730)
    • The Diary of Samuel Sewall
    • The Selling of Joseph: A Memorial
  • COTTON MATHER (1663–1728)
    • The Wonders of the Invisible World
    • MAGNALIA CHRISTI AMERICANA
      • Galeacius Secundus: The Life of William Bradford, Esq., Governor of Plymouth Colony
      • Nehemias Americanus: The Life of John Winthrop, Esq., Governor of the Massachusetts Colony
  • ROBERT CALEF (c. 1647–1719)
    • More Wonders of the Invisible World
    • A Letter to Mr. C[otton] M[ather]
    • Account of Margaret Rule
  • “A NOTABLE EXPLOIT”: HANNAH DUSTAN’S CAPTIVITY AND REVENGE
    • Samuel Sewall
      • Diary, April 29, May 12, 1697
    • Cotton Mather
      • A Notable Exploit
    • Jonathan Carver
      • Travels through America
    • John G. Whittier
      • The Mother’s Revenge
    • Henry D. Thoreau
      • A Week on the Concord and Merrimack
    • Sarah J. Hale
      • The Father’s Choice
  • THE NEW-ENGLAND PRIMER (1690)
    • Alphabet

American Literature 1700–1820

  • SARAH KEMBLE KNIGHT (1666–1727)
    • The Private Journal of a Journey from Boston to New York
  • WILLIAM BYRD (1674–1744)
    • The Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover, 1709–1712
  • JONATHAN EDWARDS (1703–1758)
    • Personal Narrative
    • On Sarah Pierpont
    • Sarah Edwards’s Narrative, from Some Thoughts on the State of Religion
    • A Divine and Supernatural Light
    • Letter to Rev. Dr. Benjamin Colman (May 30, 1735)
    • [The Great Awakening]
    • Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
  • NATIVE AMERICANS: CONTACT AND CONFLICT
    • Pontiac’s Speech at Detroit (1763)
    • From Samson Occom’s autobiography (1768)
    • Thomas Jefferson’s citation of Chief Logan’s speech, from Notes on the State of Virginia (1784–5),
    • Red Jacket to the U.S. Senate (1792)
    • Tecumseh’s speech to the Osages (1811?)
  • BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (1706–1790)
    • The Way to Wealth
    • Rules by Which a Great Empire May Be Reduced to a Small One
    • Information to Those Who Would Remove to America
    • Remarks Concerning the Savages of North America
    • The Autobiography
  • JOHN WOOLMAN (1720–1772)
    • The Journal of John Woolman
  • J. HECTOR ST. JOHN DE CRÈVECOEUR (1735–1813)
    • Letters from an American Farmer
  • JOHN ADAMS (1735–1826) and ABIGAIL ADAMS (1744–1818)
    • The Letters of John and Abigail Adams
      • Abigail Adams to John Adams (August 19, 1774) [Classical Parallels]
      • John Adams to Abigail Adams (September 16, 1774) [Prayers at the Congress]
      • John Adams to Abigail Adams (July 23, 1775) [Dr. Franklin]
      • John Adams to Abigail Adams (October 29, 1775) [Prejudice in Favor of New England]
      • Abigail Adams to John Adams (November 27, 1775) [The Building Up a Great Empire]
      • John Adams to Abigail Adams (July 3, 1776) [These Colonies Are Free and Independent States]
      • John Adams to Abigail Adams (July 3, 1776) [Reflections on the Declaration of Independence]
      • Abigail Adams to John Adams (July 14, 1776) [The Declaration. Smallpox. The Grey Horse]
      • John Adams to Abigail Adams (July 20, 1776) [Do My Friends Think I Have Forgotten My Wife and Children?]
      • Abigail Adams to John Adams (July 21, 1776) [Smallpox. The Proclamation for Independence Read Aloud]
  • THOMAS PAINE (1737–1809)
    • Common Sense
    • The Crisis, No. 1
    • The Age of Reason
  • THOMAS JEFFERSON (1743–1826)
    • The Autobiography of Thomas Jefferson
    • The Declaration of Independence
    • Notes on the State of Virginia
  • THE FEDERALIST
    • No. 1 [Alexander Hamilton]
    • No. 10 [James Madison]
  • OLAUDAH EQUIANO (1745?–1797) 747
    • The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African, Written by Himself
  • WOMEN’S POETRY: FROM MANUSCRIPT TO PRINT
    • Jane Colman Turell
    • Annis Boudinot Stockton
    • Sarah Wentworth Morton
    • Mercy Otis Warren
    • Anne Eliza Bleecker
    • Margaretta Faugeres
  • JUDITH SARGENT MURRAY (1751–1820)
    • On the Equality of the Sexes
    • History of Miss Wellwood
  • PHILIP FRENEAU (1752–1832)
    • A Vision
    • On the Emigration to America and Peopling the Western Country
    • The Wild Honey Suckle
    • The Indian Burying Ground
    • To Sir Toby
    • On Mr. Paine’s Rights of Man
    • On the Religion of Nature
    • On Observing a Large Red-Streak Apple
  • PHILLIS WHEATLEY (c. 1753–1784)
    • On Being Brought from Africa to America
    • To Mæcenas
    • To the Right Honorable William, Earl of Dartmouth
    • To the University of Cambridge, in New England
    • On the Death of the Rev. Mr. George Whitefield, 1770
    • Thoughts on the Works of Providence
    • To S.M., a Young African Painter, on Seeing His Works
    • To His Excellency General Washington
    • Letters
      • To John Thornton (April 21, 1772) [The Bible My Chief Study]
      • To Rev. Samson Occom (February 11, 1774) [The Natural Rights of Negroes]
  • ROYALL TYLER (1757–1826)
    • The Contrast
  • HANNAH FOSTER (1757–1840)
    • The Coquette
  • TABITHA TENNEY (1762–1837)
    • Female Quixotism

B. 1820-1865

  • WASHINGTON IRVING (1783–1859)
    • Rip Van Winkle
    • The Legend of Sleepy Hollow
  • JAMES FENIMORE COOPER (1789–1851)
    • The Pioneers
    • The Last of the Mohicans
  • CATHARINE MARIA SEDGWICK (1789–1867)
    • Hope Leslie
  • LYDIA HOWARD HUNTLEY SIGOURNEY
    • Death of an Infant
    • The Suttee
    • To the First Slave Ship
    • Columbus before the University of Salamanca
    • Indian Names
    • The Coral Inset
    • To a Shred of Linen
    • Niagara
    • Our Aborigines
    • The Two Draughts
    • Fallen Forests
    • Erin’s Daughter
    • Two Old Women
  • WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT (1794–1878)
    • Thanatopsis
    • To a Waterfowl
    • To an American Painter Departing for Europe
    • The Prairies
  • WILLIAM APESS (1798–1839)
    • An Indian’s Looking-Glass for the White Man
  • JANE JOHNSON SCHOOLCRAFT (1800–1842)
    • Elegy on the death of my son William Henry, at St. Mary’s
    • Sweet Willy
    • To the Pine Tree
    • Lines Written at Castle Island, Lake Superior
    • Two Songs
    • “My lover is tall and handsome”
    • Moowis, The Indian Coquette
    • The Little Spirit, or Boy Man, An Odjibwa Tale
  • CAROLINE STANSBURY KIRKLAND (1801–1864)
    • A New Home—Who’ll Follow? or, Glimpses of Western Life
  • LYDIA MARIA CHILD (1802–1880)
    • Letters from New-York
      • Letter I [The Streets of a Modern Babylon]
      • Letter XIV [Burying-ground of the Poor]
      • Letter XX [Birds]
      • Letter XXVIII [Anecdote of a Donkey; Universal Harmony]
      • Letter XXXIV [Women’s Rights]
      • Letter XXXVI [Barnum’s American Museum]
  • RALPH WALDO EMERSON (1803–1882)
    • Nature
    • The American Scholar
    • The Divinity School Address
    • Self-Reliance
    • The Poet
    • Experience
    • John Brown
    • Fate
    • Thoreau
    • Each and All
    • The Snow-Storm
    • Bacchus
    • Merlin
    • Brahma
    • Letter to Walt Whitman
  • NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE (1804–1864)
    • My Kinsman, Major Molineux
    • Young Goodman Brown
    • Wakefield
    • The May-Pole of Merry Mount
    • The Minister’s Black Veil
    • The Birth-Mark
    • Rappaccini’s Daughter
    • The Scarlet Letter
    • The House of the Seven Gables
  • HENRY WADSWORTH LONGFELLOW (1807–1882)
    • A Psalm of Life
    • The Slave Singing at Midnight
    • The Day Is Done
    • Evangeline, A Tale of Acadie
    • The Fire of Drift-wood
    • The Jewish Cemetery at Newport
    • My Lost Youth
    • The Cross of Snow
  • JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER (1807–1892)
    • The Hunters of Men
    • Ichabod!
    • Snow-Bound: A Winter Idyl
  • EDGAR ALLAN POE (1809–1849)
    • Sonnet—To Science
    • To Helen
    • Israfel
    • The City in the Sea
    • Alone
    • The Raven
    • To ———. Ulalume: A Ballad
    • Annabel Lee
    • Ligeia
    • The Fall of the House of Usher
    • William Wilson. A Tale
    • The Man of the Crowd
    • The Masque of the Red Death
    • The Tell-Tale Heart
    • The Black Cat
    • The Purloined Letter
    • The Cask of Amontillado
    • The Philosophy of Composition
    • From The Poetic Principle
  • ABRAHAM LINCOLN (1809–1865)
    • A House Divided: Speech Delivered at Springfield, Illinois, at the Close of the Republican State Convention, June 16, 1858
    • Address Delivered at the Dedication of the Cemetery at Gettysburg, November 19, 1863
    • Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1865
  • MARGARET FULLER (1810–1850)
    • The Great Lawsuit: Man versus Men. Woman versus Women
    • Summer on the Lakes, in 1843
    • Mrs. Child’s Letters
    • Review of Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
    • Fourth of July
    • Things and Thoughts in Europe
  • SLAVERY, RACE, AND THE MAKING OF AMERICAN LITERATURE
    • Thomas Jefferson
      • Notes on the State of Virginia
    • David Walker
      • Appeal
    • William Lloyd Garrison
      • To the Public
    • Angelina E. Grimké
      • Appeal to the Christian Women of the South
    • Sojourner Truth
      • I Am a Woman’s Rights
    • Martin R. Delany
      • From Political Destiny of the Colored Race on the American Continent
  • HARRIET BEECHER STOWE (1811–1896)
    • Uncle Tom’s Cabin; or, Life among the Lowly
  • FANNY FERN (SARAH WILLIS PARTON) (1811–1872)
    • Aunt Hetty on Matrimony
    • Hungry Husbands
    • Barnum’s Museum
    • Tom Pax’s Conjugal Soliloquy
    • Male Criticism on Ladies’ Books
    • “Fresh Leaves, by Fanny Fern”
    • A Law More Nice Than Just
    • Hungry Husbands
    • Ruth Hall
  • HARRIET JACOBS (c. 1813–1897)
    • Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl
  • WILLIAM WELLS BROWN
    • Narrative of William W. Brown, A Fugitive Slave
    • Narrative of the Life and Escape of William Wells Brown
    • Clotel, or The President’s Daughter
  • HENRY DAVID THOREAU (1817–1862)
    • Resistance to Civil Government
    • Walden, or Life in the Woods
    • Slavery in Massachusetts
    • A Plea for Captain John Brown
  • FREDERICK DOUGLASS (1818–1895)
    • Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself
    • My Bondage and My Freedom
    • What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?
    • The Heroic Slave
  • SECTION, REGION, NATION
    • Daniel Webster
      • from First Settlement of New England
    • William Gilmore Simms
      • Written in Mississippi
      • Americanism in Literature
    • Richard Henry Dana
      • Two Years before the Mast
    • John Louis O’Sullivan
      • Annexation
    • Francis Parkman
      • The California and Oregon Trail
    • Louise Amelia Smith Clappe
      • California, in 1851 and 1852. Residence in the Mines
    • Mary Boykin Miller Chesnut
      • Mary Chesnut’s Civil War
  • WALT WHITMAN (1819–1892)
    • Preface to Leaves of Grass (1855)
    • INSCRIPTIONS
      • One’s Self I Sing
      • Shut Not Your Doors
      • Song of Myself
    • CHILDREN OF ADAM
      • From Pent-up Aching Rivers
      • A Woman Waits for Me
      • Spontaneous Me
      • Once I Pass’d through a Populous City
      • Facing West from California’s Shores
    • CALAMUS
      • Scented Herbage of My Breast
      • Whoever You Are Holding Me Now in Hand
      • Trickle Drops
      • Here the Frailest Leaves of Me
      • Crossing Brooklyn Ferry
    • SEA-DRIFT
      • Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking
      • As I Ebb’d with the Ocean of Life
      • BY THE ROADSIDE
      • When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer
      • The Dalliance of the Eagles
    • DRUM-TAPS
      • Beat! Beat! Drums!
      • Cavalry Crossing a Ford
      • Vigil Strange I Kept on the Field One Night
      • A March in the Ranks Hard-Prest, and the Road Unknown
      • A Sight in Camp in the Daybreak Gray and Dim
      • As Toilsome I Wander’d Virginia’s Woods
      • The Wound-Dresser
      • Reconciliation
      • As I Lay with My Head in Your Lap Camerado
      • Spirit Whose Work Is Done
    • MEMORIES OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN
      • When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d
    • WHISPERS OF HEAVENLY DEATH
    • A Noiseless Patient Spider
    • Letter to Ralph Waldo Emerson [Whitman’s 1856 Manifesto]
    • Live Oak, with Moss
    • Democratic Vistas
  • HERMAN MELVILLE (1819–1891)
    • Hawthorne and His Mosses
    • Moby-Dick
    • Bartleby, the Scrivener
    • The Paradise of Bachelors and The Tartarus of Maids
    • Benito Cereno
    • BATTLE-PIECES
      • The Portent
      • Misgivings
      • A Utilitarian View of the Monitor’s Flight
      • Shiloh
      • The House-top
    • JOHN MARR AND OTHER SAILORS
      • The Maldive Shark
      • The Berg
    • TIMOLEON
      • Monody
      • Art
    • Billy Budd, Sailor
  • NATIVE AMERICANS: STRUGGLE AND SURVIVAL
    • Black Hawk
      • Autobiography
    • Petalesharo’s speech in Washington (1822)
    • Elias Boudinot
      • the Cherokee Phoenix (January 1829)
    • [Memorial of the Cherokee Citizens, December 18, 1829]
    • [Memorial of the Cherokee Citizens, December 18, 1829]
    • Ralph Waldo Emerson: Letter to President Martin Van Buren (April 1838)
  • ELIZABETH STODDARD
    • Lemorne Versus Huell
  • FRANCES E. W. HARPER
    • To Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe
    • Eliza Harris
    • Ethiopia
    • The Tennessee Hero
    • The Slave Mother
    • Bury Me in a Free Land
    • The Colored People in America
    • The Two Offers
  • EMILY DICKINSON (1830–1886)
    • 39 (49) (I never lost as much but twice - )
    • 112 (67) (Success is counted sweetest)
    • 122 (130) (These are the days when Birds come back - )
    • 123 (131) (Besides the Autumn poets sing)
    • 124 (216) (Safe in their Alabaster Chambers - )
    • 146 (148) (All overgrown by cunning moss)
    • 194 (1072) (Title divine - is mine!)
    • 202 (185) (“Faith” is a fine invention)
    • 207 (214) (I taste a liquor never brewed - )
    • 225 (199) (I’m “wife” - I’ve finished that - )
    • 236 (324) (Some keep the Sabbath going to Church - )
    • 256 (285) (The Robin’s my Criterion for Tune - )
    • 259 (287) (A Clock stopped - )
    • 260 (288) (I’m Nobody! Who are you?)
    • 269 (249) (Wild Nights - Wild Nights!)
    • 279 (664) (Of all the Souls that stand create - )
    • 320 (258) (There’s a certain Slant of light)
    • 339 (241) (I like a look of Agony)
    • 340 (280) (I felt a Funeral, in my Brain)
    • 347 (348) (I dreaded that first Robin, so)
    • 348 (505) (I would not paint - a picture - )
    • 355 (510) (It was not Death, for I stood up)
    • 359 (328) (A Bird came down the Walk - )
    • 365 (338) (I know that He exists)
    • 372 (341) (After great pain, a formal feeling comes - )
    • 373 (501) (This World is not conclusion)
    • 381 (326) (I cannot dance opon my Toes - )
    • 395 (336) (The face I carry with me - last - )
    • 407 (670) (One need not be a Chamber - to be Haunted - )
    • 409 (303) (The Soul selects her own Society - )
    • 411 (528) (Mine - by the Right of the White Election!)
    • 446 (448) (This was a Poet - )
    • 448 (449) (I died for Beauty - but was scarce)
    • 466 (657) (I dwell in Possibility - )
    • 475 (488) (Myself was formed - a Carpenter - )
    • 477 (315) (He fumbles at your Soul)
    • 479 (712) (Because I could not stop for Death - )
    • 519 (441) (This is my letter to the World)
    • 521 (597) (It always felt to me - a wrong)
    • 576 (305) (The difference between Despair)
    • 588 (536) (The Heart asks Pleasure – first - )
    • 591 (465) (I heard a Fly buzz - when I died - )
    • 598 (632) (The Brain - is wider than the Sky - )
    • 600 (312) (Her - “last Poems” - )
    • 620 (435) (Much Madness is divinest Sense - )
    • 627 (593) (I think I was enchanted)
    • 648 (547) (I’ve seen a Dying Eye)
    • 656 (520) (I started Early - Took my Dog - )
    • 675 (401) (What Soft - Cherubic Creatures - )
    • 760 (650) (Pain - has an Element of Blank - )
    • 764 (754) (My Life had stood - a Loaded Gun - )
    • 788 (709) (Publication - is the Auction)
    • 796 (824) (The Wind begun to knead the Grass - )
    • 817 (822) (This Consciousness that is aware)
    • 843 (978) (It bloomed and dropt, a Single Noon - )
    • 857 (732) (She rose to His Requirement - dropt)
    • 895 (1068) (Further in Summer than the Birds)
    • 935 (1540) (As imperceptibly as Grief)
    • 1096 (986) (A narrow Fellow in the Grass)
    • 1108 (1078) (The Bustle in a House)
    • 1163 (1138) (A Spider sewed at Night)
    • 1243 (1126) (Shall I take thee, the Poet said)
    • 1263 (1129) (Tell all the Truth but tell it slant - )
    • 1353 (1247) (To pile like Thunder to it’s close)
    • 1454 (1397) (It sounded as if the streets were running)
    • 1489 (1463) (A Route of Evanescence)
    • 1577 (1545) (The Bible is an antique Volume - )
    • 1593 (There came a Wind like a Bugle—)
    • 1665 (1581) (The farthest Thunder that I heard)
    • 1668 (1624) (Apparently with no surprise)
    • 1675 (1601) (Of God we ask one favor, that we may be forgiven - )
    • 1715 (1651) (A word made Flesh is seldom)
    • 1773 (1732) (My life closed twice before it’s close)
    • Letter Exchange from Fascicle 10 with Susan Gilbert Dickinson on Poem 124 (216)
    • Letters to Thomas Wentworth Higginson
    • [Say If My Verse Is Alive?] (April 15, 1862)
    • [Thank You for the Surgery] (April 25, 1862)
    • [Will You Be My Preceptor?] (June 7, 1862)
    • [My Business Is Circumference] (July 1862)
  • REBECCA HARDING DAVIS (1831–1910)
    • Life in the Iron-Mills

C. 1865-1914

  • WALT WHITMAN (1819–1892)
    • Crossing Brooklyn Ferry
    • Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking
    • Song of Myself (1881)
  • EMILY DICKINSON (1830–1886)
    • 49 (39) (I never lost as much but twice)
    • 112 (67) (Success is counted sweetest)
    • 202 (185) (“Faith” is a fine invention)
    • 207 (214) (I taste a liquor never brewed - )
    • 124 (216) (Safe in their Alabaster Chambers - )
    • 225 (199) (I’m “wife” - I’ve finished that - )
    • 236 (324) (Some keep the Sabbath going to Church - )
    • 269 (249) (Wild Nights - Wild Nights!)
    • 289 (280) (I felt a Funeral, in my Brain)
    • 320 (258) (There’s a certain Slant of light)
    • 339 (241) (I like a look of Agony)
    • 359 (328) (A Bird came down the Walk - )
    • 372 (341) (After great pain, a formal feeling comes - )
    • 409 (303) (The Soul selects her own Society - )
    • 448 (449) (I died for Beauty - but was scarce)
    • 479 (712) (Because I could not stop for Death - )
    • 519 (441) (This is my letter to the World)
    • 585 (383) (I like to see it lap the miles)
    • 591 (465) (I heard a Fly buzz - when I died - )
    • 598 (632) (The Brain - is wider than the Sky - )
    • 620 (435) (Much Madness is divinest Sense - )
    • 640 (706) (I cannot live with you)
    • 656 (520) (I started Early - Took my Dog - )
    • 764 (754) (My Life had stood - a loaded Gun - )
    • 1086 (986) (A narrow Fellow in the Grass)
    • 1263 (1129) (Tell all the Truth but tell it slant - )
    • 1624 (Apparently with no surprise)
    • 1773 (1732) (My life closed twice before its close;)]
  • MARÍA AMPARO RUIZ DE BURTON (1835–1895)
    • The Squatter and the Don: A Novel Descriptive of
  • MARK TWAIN (Samuel L. Clemens) (1835–1910)
    • The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County
    • Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
    • Fenimore Cooper’s Literary Offences
    • Roughing It
    • Letters from the Earth
  • BRET HARTE (1836–1902)
    • The Luck of Roaring Camp
    • Miggles
    • Tennessee’s Partner
  • HENRY ADAMS (1838–1918)
    • The Education of Henry Adams
  • AMBROSE BIERCE (1842–1914?)
    • An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
    • Chickamauga
  • NATIVE AMERICAN CHANTS AND SONGS
    • THE NAVAJO NIGHT CHANT (version by John Bierhorst, based on Washington Matthews’s text)
    • The Sacred Mountains
    • Dance of the Atsálei, Thunderbirds
    • CHIPPEWA SONGS (transcribed and translated by Frances Densmore)
    • Song of the Crows
    • My Love Has Departed
    • Love-Charm Song
    • The Approach of the Storm
    • The Sioux Women Gather Up Their Wounded
    • The Sioux Woman Defends Her Children
    • Song of the Captive Sioux Woman
  • NATIVE AMERICAN ORATORY
    • COCHISE (c. 1812–1874)
      • [I am alone] (version by Henry Stuart Turrill)
    • CHARLOT (c. 1831–1900)
      • [He has filled graves with our bones] (from the Missoula Missoulian)
  • HENRY JAMES (1843–1916)
    • Daisy Miller: A Study
    • The Real Thing
    • The Beast in the Jungle
    • The Figure in the Carpet
  • SARAH WINNEMUCCA (c. 1844–?)
    • Life Among the Piutes
  • JOEL CHANDLER HARRIS (1848–1908)
    • The Wonderful Tar-Baby Story
    • How Mr. Rabbit Was Too Sharp for Mr. Fox
  • EMMA LAZARUS (1849–1887)
    • In the Jewish Cemetery at Newport
    • 1492
    • The New Colossus
  • SARAH ORNE JEWETT (1849–1909)
    • A White Heron
  • KATE CHOPIN (1850–1904)
    • The Storm
    • The Awakening
  • MARY E. WILKINS FREEMAN (1852–1930)
    • A New England Nun
    • The Revolt of “Mother”
  • ANNA JULIA COOPER (1858–1964)
    • A Voice of the South
  • BOOKER T. WASHINGTON (1856–1915)
    • Up from Slavery
  • CHARLES W. CHESNUTT (1858–1932)
    • The Goophered Grapevine
    • The Wife of His Youth
    • The Passing of Grandison
  • CHARLES ALEXANDER EASTMAN (OHIYESA) (1858–1939)
    • From the Deep Woods to Civilization
  • PAULINE HOPKINS (1856–1915)
    • Contending Forces
  • HAMLIN GARLAND (1860–1940)
    • Under the Lion’s Paw
  • ABRAHAM CAHAN (1860–1951)
    • The Imported Bridegroom
  • CHARLOTTE PERKINS GILMAN (1860–1935)
    • The Yellow Wall-paper
    • Why I Wrote “The Yellow Wall-paper”?
    • To the Indifferent Women: A Sestina
    • She Walketh Veiled and Sleeping
    • Turned
  • EDITH WHARTON (1862–1937)
    • The Other Two
    • Roman Fever
  • IDA B. WELLS-BARNETT (1862–1931)
    • Mob Rule in New Orleans
  • SUI SIN FAR (Edith Maud Eaton) (1865–1914)
    • In the Land of the Free
  • MARY AUSTIN (1868–1934)
    • The Walking Woman
  • W. E. B. DU BOIS (1868–1963)
    • The Souls of Black Folk
  • REALISM AND NATURALISM
    • William Dean Howells
      • Henry James, Jr.
      • Novel Writing and Novel Reading
    • Henry James
      • The Art of Fiction
    • Frank Norris
      • A Plea for Romantic Fiction
      • Zola as a Romantic Writer
    • Theodore Dreiser
      • True Art Speaks Plainly
    • Jack London
      • What Life Means to Me
  • FRANK NORRIS (1870–1902)
    • Fantaisie Printanière
  • THEODORE DREISER (1871–1945)
    • Sister Carrie
  • STEPHEN CRANE (1871–1900)
    • Maggie: A Girl of the Streets
    • The Open Boat
    • The Black Riders
    • War Is Kind
  • JOHN M. OSKISON (1874–1947)
    • The Problem of Old Harjo
  • JAMES WELDON JOHNSON (1871–1938)
    • Lift E’vry Voice and Sing
    • Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man
  • PAUL LAURENCE DUNBAR (1872–1906)
    • When Malindy Sings
    • An Ante-Bellum Sermon
    • Sympathy
    • We Wear the Mask
    • Frederick Douglass
    • Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • JACK LONDON (1876–1916)
    • The Law of Life
    • To Build a Fire
    • The Mexican
    • The House of Pride
    • Mauki
  • ZITKALA SA (Gertrude Simmons Bonnin) (1876–1938)
    • Impressions of an Indian Childhood
    • The School Days of an Indian Girl
    • An Indian Teacher among Indians
    • The Soft-Hearted Sioux
    • Why I Am a Pagan
  • CORRIDOS
    • Gregorio Cortez
    • Jacinto Trevino
    • Tiempos Amargos
  • GHOST DANCE SONGS (translated and notated by James Mooney)
    • Songs of the Arapaho
    • [Father, have pity on me]
    • [When I met him approaching]
    • Songs of the Sioux
    • [The father says so]
    • [Give me my knife]
    • [The whole world is coming]
  • WOVOKA (c. 1856–1932)
    • The Messiah Letter: Cheyenne Version
    • The Messiah Letter: Mooney’s Free Rendering
  • DEBATES OVER “AMERICANIZATION”
    • Frederick Jackson Turner
      • The Significance of the Frontier in American History
    • Theodore Roosevelt
      • The Winning of the West
    • Helen Hunt Jackson
      • A Century of Dishonor
    • José Martí
      • Our America
    • Charles W. Chesnutt
      • A Defamer of His Race
    • Jane Addams
      • Twenty Years at Hull House
    • Anna Julia Cooper
      • One Phase of American Literature

D. 1914-1945

  • BLACK ELK (1863–1950) and JOHN G. NEIHARDT (1881–1973)
    • Black Elk Speaks
  • EDGAR LEE MASTERS (1868–1950)
    • Trainor, the Druggist
    • Doc Hill
    • Margaret Fuller Slack
    • Abel Melveny
    • Lucinda Matlock
  • EDWIN ARLINGTON ROBINSON (1869–1935)
    • Luke Havergal
    • Richard Cory
    • Miniver Cheevy
    • Mr. Flood’s Party
  • WILLA CATHER (1873–1947)
    • My Ántonia
  • AMY LOWELL (1874–1925)
    • The Captured Goddess
    • Venus Transiens
    • Madonna of the Evening Flowers
    • September, 1918
    • Meeting-House Hill
    • Summer Night Piece
    • St. Louis
    • New Heavens for Old
  • GERTRUDE STEIN (1874–1946)
    • The Making of Americans
  • WORLD WAR I AND ITS AFTERMATH
    • Alan Seeger
      • I Have a Rendevous with Death
    • John Reed
      • One Solid Month of Liberty
    • Ernest Hemingway
      • Letter of August 18, 1918, to His Parents
    • E. E. Cummings
      • The Enormous Room
    • Jessie Redmon Fauset
      • There Is Confusion
    • John Allan Wyeth
      • This Man’s Army: A War in 50-Odd Sonnets
    • Gertrude Stein
      • The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas
  • ROBERT FROST (1874–1963)
    • The Pasture
    • Mowing
    • Mending Wall
    • The Death of the Hired Man
    • Home Burial
    • After Apple-Picking
    • The Wood-Pile
    • The Road Not Taken
    • The Oven Bird
    • Birches
    • “Out, Out—”
    • Fire and Ice
    • Nothing Gold Can Stay
    • Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
    • Departmental
    • Desert Places
    • Design
    • Neither Out Far Nor In Deep
    • Provide, Provide
    • The Gift Outright
    • Directive
    • The Figure a Poem Makes
  • SUSAN GLASPELL (1876–1948)
    • Trifles
  • SHERWOOD ANDERSON (1876–1941)
    • WINESBURG, OHIO
      • Hands
      • Mother
      • Adventure
  • CARL SANDBURG (1878–1967)
    • Chicago
    • Fog
    • Cool Tombs
    • Grass
  • WALLACE STEVENS (1879–1955)
    • The Snow Man
    • A High-Toned Old Christian Woman
    • The Emperor of Ice-Cream
    • Disillusionment of Ten O’Clock
    • Sunday Morning
    • Anecdote of the Jar
    • Peter Quince at the Clavier
    • Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird
    • The Death of a Soldier
    • The Idea of Order at Key West
    • A Postcard from the Volcano
    • Study of Two Pears
    • Of Modern Poetry
    • Asides on the Oboe
    • The Plain Sense of Things
  • MINA LOY (1882–1966)
    • Parturition
    • Brancusi’s Golden Bird
    • Lunar Baedeker
  • WILLIAM CARLOS WILLIAMS (1883–1963)
    • The Young Housewife
    • Portrait of a Lady
    • Queen-Anne’s-Lace
    • The Widow’s Lament in Springtime
    • Spring and All
    • To Elsie
    • The Red Wheelbarrow
    • The Dead Baby
    • The Wind Increases
    • Death
    • This Is Just to Say
    • A Sort of a Song
    • The Dance (“In Brueghel’s great picture, The Kermess”)
    • Burning the Christmas Greens
    • Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
    • The Dance (“When the snow falls the flakes”)
  • EZRA POUND (1885–1972)
    • To Whistler, American
    • Portrait d’une Femme
    • A Virginal
    • A Pact
    • The Rest
    • In a Station of the Metro
    • The River-Merchant’s Wife: A Letter
    • Villanelle: The Psychological Hour
    • Hugh Selwyn Mauberley (Life and Contacts)
    • THE CANTOS
      • I (“And then went down to the ship”)
      • XVII (“So that the vines burst from my fingers”)
      • XLV (“With Usura”)
  • MODERNIST MANIFESTOS
    • F. T. Marinetti
      • The Futurist Manifesto
    • Mina Loy
      • Feminist Manifesto
    • Ezra Pound
      • A Retrospect
    • Willa Cather
      • The Novel Démeublé
    • William Carlos Williams
      • Spring and All
    • Langston Hughes
      • The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain
  • H. D. (HILDA DOOLITTLE) (1886–1961)
    • Mid-day
    • Oread
    • Leda
    • Fragment 113
    • Helen
    • The Walls Do Not Fall
  • MARIANNE MOORE (1887–1972)
    • Poetry
    • A Grave
    • To a Snail
    • What Are Years?
    • The Paper Nautilus
    • The Mind Is an Enchanting Thing
    • In Distrust of Merits
  • RAYMOND CHANDLER (1888–1965)
    • Red Wind
  • T. S. ELIOT (1888–1965)
    • The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
    • Sweeney among the Nightingales
    • Tradition and the Individual Talent
    • Gerontion
    • The Waste Land
    • The Hollow Men
    • Journey of the Magi
    • FOUR QUARTETS
      • Burnt Norton
  • EUGENE O’NEILL (1888–1953)
    • Long Day’s Journey into Night
  • CLAUDE MCKAY (1889–1948)
    • Outcast
    • Africa
    • The Harlem Dancer
    • The Lynching
    • Harlem Shadows
    • America
    • If We Must Die
    • Moscow
  • KATHERINE ANNE PORTER (1890–1980)
    • Flowering Judas
  • ZORA NEALE HURSTON (1891–1960)
    • The Eatonville Anthology
    • How It Feels to Be Colored Me
    • The Gilded Six-Bits
  • NELLA LARSEN (1891–1964)
    • Quicksand
  • EDNA ST. VINCENT MILLAY (1892–1950)
    • Recuerdo
    • I Think I Should Have Loved You Presently
    • [I, being born a woman]
    • Apostrophe to Man
    • I Too beneath Your Moon, Almighty Sex
    • The Snow Storm
    • I Forgot for a Moment
  • E. E. CUMMINGS (1894–1962)
    • Thy fingers make early flowers of
    • in Just-
    • O sweet spontaneous
    • Buffalo Bill ‘s
    • the Cambridge ladies who live in furnished souls
    • “next to of course god america i
    • i sing of Olaf glad and big
    • somewhere i have never travelled,gladly beyond
    • anyone lived in a pretty how town
    • my father moved through dooms of love
    • pity this busy monster,manunkind
  • JEAN TOOMER (1894–1967)
    • Cane
  • F. SCOTT FITZGERALD (1896–1940)
    • Winter Dreams
    • Babylon Revisited
  • JOHN DOS PASSOS (1896–1970)
    • U.S.A.
    • The Big Money
  • WILLIAM FAULKNER (1897–1962)
    • As I Lay Dying
    • Barn Burning
  • HART CRANE (1899–1932)
    • Chaplinesque
    • At Melville’s Tomb
    • Voyages
    • THE BRIDGE
  • ERNEST HEMINGWAY (1899–1961)
    • The Snows of Kilimanjaro
  • THOMAS WOLFE (1900–1938)
    • The Lost Boy
  • STERLING A. BROWN (1901–1989)
    • Mister Samuel and Sam
    • He Was a Man
    • Master and Man
    • Break of Day
    • Bitter Fruit of the Tree
  • LANGSTON HUGHES (1902–1967)
    • The Negro Speaks of Rivers
    • Mother to Son
    • I, Too
    • The Weary Blues
    • Mulatto
    • Song for a Dark Girl
    • Genius Child
    • Visitors to the Black Belt
    • Note on Commercial Theatre
    • Vagabonds
    • Democracy
    • Refugee in America
    • Silhouette
    • Theme for English B
  • KAY BOYLE (1902–1992)
    • The White Horses of Vienna
  • JOHN STEINBECK (1902–1968)
    • The Leader of the People
  • COUNTEE CULLEN (1903–1946)
    • Yet Do I Marvel
    • Incident
    • Heritage
    • From the Dark Tower
    • Uncle Jim
  • RICHARD WRIGHT (1908–1960)
    • The Man Who Was Almost a Man
  • CARLOS BULOSAN (1911–1956)
    • Be American

E. 1945-

  • LORINE NIEDECKER (1903–1970)
    • Poet’s Work
    • [I married]
    • My Life by Water
    • Lake Superior
    • Wild Pigeon
    • Watching Dancers on Skates
    • [Well, spring overflows the land]
    • Radio Talk
    • After the Last Dynasty
    • Quinnapoxet
    • The Wellfleet Whale
  • ROBERT PENN WARREN (1905–1989)
    • Bearded Oaks
    • Audubon
    • American Portrait: Old Style
    • Mortal Limit
  • GEORGE OPPEN (1908–1984)
    • Party on Shipboard
    • [She lies, hip high]
    • The Hills
    • Workman
    • Psalm
    • Of Being Numerous
    • Anniversary Poem
  • THEODORE ROETHKE (1908–1963)
    • Cuttings
    • Cuttings (later)
    • Root Cellar
    • Big Wind
    • Weed Puller
    • Frau Bauman, Frau Schmidt, and Frau Schwartze
    • Child on Top of a Greenhouse
    • My Papa’s Waltz
    • Dolor
    • Night Crow
    • The Lost Son
    • The Waking
    • Elegy for Jane
    • I Knew a Woman
    • Wish for a Young Wife
    • In a Dark Time
  • EUDORA WELTY (1909–2001)
    • Petrified Man
  • CHARLES OLSON (1910–1970)
    • THE MAXIMUS POEMS
      • I, Maximus of Gloucester, to You
      • Maximus, to Himself
    • [When do poppies bloom]
    • Celestial Evening, October 1967
  • ELIZABETH BISHOP (1911–1979)
    • The Fish
    • Over 2,000 Illustrations and a Complete Concordance
    • The Bight
    • At the Fishhouses
    • Questions of Travel
    • The Armadillo
    • Sestina
    • In the Waiting Room
    • The Moose
    • One Art
  • TENNESSEE WILLIAMS (1911–1983)
    • A Streetcar Named Desire
  • JOHN CHEEVER (1912–1982)
    • The Swimmer
  • ROBERT HAYDEN (1913–1980)
    • Middle Passage
    • Homage to the Empress of the Blues
    • Those Winter Sundays
    • Free Fantasia: Tiger Flowers
  • RANDALL JARRELL (1914–1965)
    • 90 North
    • The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner
    • Second Air Force
    • Next Day
    • Well Water
    • Thinking of the Lost World
  • JOHN BERRYMAN (1914–1972)
    • Homage to Mistress Bradstreet
    • THE DREAM SONGS
      • 1 (“Huffy Henry hid the day”)
      • 14 (“Life, friends, is boring. We must not say so”)
      • 29 (“There sat down, once, a thing on Henry’s heart”)
      • 40 (“I’m scared a lonely. Never see my son”)
      • 45 (“He stared at ruin. Ruin stared straight back”)
      • 384 (“The marker slants, flowerless, day’s almost done”)
  • BERNARD MALAMUD (1914–1986)
    • The Magic Barrel
  • RALPH ELLISON (1914–1994)
    • Invisible Man
    • Prologue
    • Chapter I [Battle Royal]
  • SAUL BELLOW (1915–2005)
    • The Adventures of Augie March
  • ARTHUR MILLER (1915–2005)
    • Death of a Salesman
  • ROBERT LOWELL (1917–1977)
    • Colloquy in Black Rock
    • The Quaker Graveyard in Nantucket
    • Mr. Edwards and the Spider
    • My Last Afternoon with Uncle Devereux Winslow
    • Memories of West Street and Lepke
    • Skunk Hour
    • Night Sweat
    • For the Union Dead
  • GWENDOLYN BROOKS (1917–2000)
    • A STREET IN BRONZEVILLE
      • kitchenette building
      • the mother
      • a song in the front yard
    • The White Troops Had Their Orders But the Negroes Looked Like Men
    • The Womanhood
    • The Children of the Poor (II)
    • We Real Cool
    • The Bean Eaters
    • A Bronzeville Mother Loiters in Mississippi. Meanwhile a Mississippi Mother Burns Bacon
    • The Last Quatrain of the Ballad of Emmett Till
    • The Blackstone Rangers
    • To the Diaspora
  • ROBERT DUNCAN (1919–1988)
    • Often I Am Permitted to Return to a Meadow
    • A Poem Beginning with a Line by Pindar
    • Interrupted Forms
  • RICHARD WILBUR (b. 1921)
    • The Beautiful Changes
    • The Death of a Toad
    • “A World without Objects Is a Sensible Emptiness”
    • Love Calls Us to the Things of This World
    • The Mind-Reader
  • JACK KEROUAC (1922–1969)
    • Big Sur
  • KURT VONNEGUT (b. 1922)
    • Slaughterhouse-Five
  • GRACE PALEY (b. 1922)
    • A Conversation with My Father
  • JAMES DICKEY (1923–1997)
    • Drowning with Others
    • The Heaven of Animals
    • Falling
  • POSTMODERN MANIFESTOS
    • Ronald Sukenick
      • Innovative Fiction/Innovative Criteria
    • William H. Gass
      • The Medium of Fiction
    • Hunter S. Thompson
      • Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas
    • Charles Olson
      • Projective Verse
    • Frank O’Hara
      • Personism: A Manifesto
    • Elizabeth Bishop
      • Letter to Robert Lowell, March 21, 1972
    • A. R. Ammons
      • A Poem Is a Walk
    • Audre Lorde
      • Poems Are Not Luxuries
  • DENISE LEVERTOV (1923–1997)
    • To the Snake
    • The Jacob’s Ladder
    • In Mind
    • September 1961
    • What Were They Like?
    • Caedmon
  • JAMES BALDWIN (1924–1987)
    • Going to Meet the Man
  • FLANNERY O’CONNOR (1925–1964)
    • The Life You Save May Be Your Own
    • Good Country People
  • A. R. AMMONS (1926–2001)
    • So I Said I Am Ezra
    • Corsons Inlet
    • Easter Morning
    • Singling & Doubling Together
    • From Garbage
  • JAMES MERRILL (1926–1995)
    • An Urban Convalescence
    • The Broken Home
    • Family Week at Oracle Ranch
    • Dead Center
  • ROBERT CREELEY (1926–2005)
    • Kore
    • I Know a Man
    • For Love
    • The Messengers
    • The Birds
    • Fathers
  • ALLEN GINSBERG (1926–1997)
    • Howl
    • Footnote to Howl
    • A Supermarket in California
    • Sunflower Sutra
    • To Aunt Rose
    • On Burroughs’ Work
    • Ego Confession
  • FRANK O’HARA (1926–1966)
    • To the Harbormaster
    • Why I Am Not a Painter
    • A Step Away from Them
    • The Day Lady Died
    • A True Account of Talking to the Sun at Fire Island
  • GALWAY KINNELL (b. 1927)
    • The Porcupine
    • Blackberry Eating
    • After Making Love We Hear Footsteps
    • Cemetery Angels
    • Neverland
  • JOHN ASHBERY (b. 1927)
    • Illustration
    • Soonest Mended
    • Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror
    • Myrtle
  • W. S. MERWIN (b. 1927)
    • The Drunk in the Furnace
    • For the Anniversary of My Death
    • For a Coming Extinction
    • Losing a Language
    • Lament for the Makers
    • Ceremony after an Amputation
  • JAMES WRIGHT (1927–1980)
    • Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, Ohio
    • To the Evening Star: Central Minnesota
    • A Blessing
    • A Centenary Ode: Inscribed to Little Crow, Leader of the Sioux Rebellion in Minnesota, 1862
    • With the Shell of a Hermit Crab
  • PHILIP LEVINE (b. 1928)
    • Animals Are Passing from Our Lives
    • Detroit Grease Shop Poem
    • Starlight
    • Fear and Fame
    • The Simple Truth
  • ANNE SEXTON (1928–1974)
    • The Truth the Dead Know
    • The Starry Night
    • Sylvia’s Death
    • Little Girl, My String Bean, My Lovely Woman
    • The Death of the Fathers
  • ADRIENNE RICH (b. 1929)
    • Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law
    • “I Am in Danger—Sir—”
    • A Valediction Forbidding Mourning
    • Diving into the Wreck
    • Power
    • Transcendental Etude
    • Shattered Head
  • URSULA K. LE GUIN
    • Schrödinger’s Cat
    • She Unnames Them
  • GARY SNYDER (b. 1930)
    • Milton by Firelight
    • Riprap
    • August on Sourdough, A Visit from Dick Brewer
    • Beneath My Hand and Eye the Distant Hills. Your Body
    • Straight-Creek—Great Burn
    • Ripples on the Surface
    • Falling from a Height, Holding Hands
  • DONALD BARTHELME (1931–1989)
    • The Balloon
  • TONI MORRISON (b. 1931)
    • Recitatif
  • SYLVIA PLATH (1932–1963)
    • Morning Song
    • Lady Lazarus
    • Ariel
    • Daddy
    • Words
    • Blackberrying
    • Purdah
    • The Applicant
    • Child
  • JOHN UPDIKE (b. 1932)
    • Separating
  • PHILIP ROTH (b. 1933)
    • Defender of the Faith
  • AMIRI BARAKA (LEROI JONES) (b. 1934)
    • Dutchman
    • An Agony. As Now.
    • A Poem for Willie Best
    • Will They Cry When You’re Gone, You Bet
  • N. SCOTT MOMADAY (b. 1934)
    • The Way to Rainy Mountain
  • GERALD VIZENOR (b. 1934)
    • Almost Browne
  • AUDRE LORDE (1934–1992)
    • Coal
    • The Woman Thing
    • Black Mother Woman
  • CHARLES WRIGHT (b. 1935)
    • Him
    • Two Stories
    • A Journal of the Year of the Ox
    • Poem Half in the Manner of Li Ho
    • Star Turn II
    • North American Bear
  • MARY OLIVER (b. 1935)
    • The Black Snake
    • In Blackwater Woods
    • A Visitor
    • Poppies
    • Hummingbird Pauses at the Trumpet Vine
    • Alligator Poem
  • LUCILLE CLIFTON (b. 1936)
    • miss rosie
    • the lost baby poem
    • homage to my hips
    • wild blessings
    • wishes for sons
    • blessing the boats
    • final note to clark
    • note, passed to superman
    • the mississippi river enters into the gulf
    • moonchild
    • the gift
  • RUDOLFO A. ANAYA (b. 1937)
    • Bless Me, Ultima
  • THOMAS PYNCHON (b. 1937)
    • Entropy
  • RAYMOND CARVER (1938–1988)
    • Cathedral
  • ISHMAEL REED (b. 1938)
    • The Last Days of Louisiana Red
    • Neo-HooDoo Manifesto
  • CHARLES SIMIC (b. 1938)
    • Fork
    • Prodigy
    • The Devils
    • A Book Full of Pictures
    • Arriving Celebrities
    • In the Street
    • Late September
  • MICHAEL S. HARPER (b. 1938)
    • Dear John, Dear Coltrane
    • American History
    • Deathwatch
    • Martin’s Blues
    • “Bird Lives”: Charles Parker in St. Louis
    • Nightmare Begins Responsibility
  • TONI CADE BAMBARA (1939–1995)
    • Medley
  • MAXINE HONG KINGSTON (b. 1940)
    • Tripmaster Monkey
  • FANNY HOWE (b. 1940)
    • [I’d speak if I wasn’t afraid of inhaling]
    • The Nursery [The baby / was made in a cell]
    • Robeson Street [A blight was on the oaks]
    • O’Clock [After the girl was grown]
    • My Broken Heart
    • One Crossed Out [Nobody wants crossed out girls around]
    • We vowed to be happy
    • When I was a child
    • Some Day
    • [Come back]
    • Bewilderment
  • ROBERT PINSKY (b. 1940)
    • The Figured Wheel
    • The Street
    • The Want Bone
    • Shirt
    • At Pleasure Bay
  • SIMON J. ORTIZ (b. 1941)
    • Passing through Little Rock
    • Earth and Rain, the Plants & Sun
    • Vision Shadows
    • Poems from the Veterans Hospital
    • From Sand Creek
  • BILLY COLLINS (b. 1941)
    • Forgetfulness
    • Osso Buco
    • Tuesday, June 4, 1991
    • I Chop Some Parsley While Listening to Art Blakey’s Version of “Three Blind Mice”
    • The Night House
    • Litany
  • MAX APPLE (b. 1941)
    • Bridging
  • GLORIA ANZALDÚA (1942–2004)
    • La conciencia de la Mestiza/Towards a New Consciousness
    • How to Tame a Wild Tongue
    • El sonavabitche
  • SAM SHEPARD (b. 1943)
    • True West
  • LOUISE GLÜCK (b. 1943)
    • The Drowned Children
    • Descending Figure
    • Appearances
    • Vespers
    • October
  • ALICE WALKER (b. 1944)
    • Everyday Use
  • ANNIE DILLARD (b. 1945)
    • Pilgrim at Tinker Creek
    • Seeing
  • ANN BEATTIE (b. 1947)
    • Weekend
  • DAVID MAMET (b. 1947)
    • Glengarry Glen Ross
  • YUSEF KOMUNYAKAA (b. 1947)
    • Facing It
    • My Father’s Love Letters
    • Slam, Dunk, & Hook
    • From Song for My Father [Sometimes you could be]
    • Nude Interrogation
    • When Dusk Weighs Daybreak
    • Jasmine
    • Nude Study
  • LESLIE MARMON SILKO (b. 1948) 2542
    • Lullaby
  • ART SPIEGELMAN (b. 1948)
    • Maus
  • JULIA ALVAREZ (b. 1950)
    • ¡Yo!
    • The Mother
  • JORIE GRAHAM (b. 1950)
    • The Geese
    • At Luca Signorelli’s Resurrection of the Body
    • The Dream of the Unified Field
  • JOY HARJO (b. 1951)
    • Call It Fear
    • White Bear
    • Summer Night
    • The Flood
    • When the World As We Knew It Ended
  • RITA DOVE (b. 1952)
    • Geometry
    • Adolescence—I
    • Adolescence—II
    • Adolescence—III
    • Banneker
    • Parsley
    • THOMAS AND BEULAH
      • The Event
      • Straw Hat
      • The Zeppelin Factory
      • Dusting
    • Poem in Which I Refuse Contemplation
    • Missing
    • Rosa
    • Fox Trot Fridays
  • ALBERTO RÍOS (b. 1952)
    • Madre Sofía
    • Wet Camp
    • Taking Away the Name of a Nephew
    • Seniors
    • Refugio’s Hair
  • AMY TAN (b. 1952)
    • The Joy Luck Club
    • Two Kinds
  • SANDRA CISNEROS (b. 1954)
    • Woman Hollering Creek
  • LOUISE ERDRICH (b. 1954)
    • Dear John Wayne
    • I Was Sleeping Where the Black Oaks Move
    • Grief
    • Fleur
  • LORNA DEE CERVANTES (b. 1954)
    • Uncle’s First Rabbit
    • For Virginia Chavez
    • Visions of Mexico While at a Writing Symposium in Port Townsend, Washington
    • The Body as Braille
  • CATHY SONG (b. 1955)
    • The White Porch
    • Beauty and Sadness
    • Lost Sister
    • Heaven
  • LI-YOUNG LEE (b. 1957)
    • The Gift
    • Persimmons
    • Eating Alone
    • Eating Together
    • Mnemonic
    • This Room and Everything in It
  • WRITING IN A TIME OF TERROR
    • SEPTEMBER 11, 2001
      • The 9/11 Commission Report
      • John Updike
        • [Comment] from The New Yorker
    • Kimiko Hahn
      • Her Very Eyes
    • Pattiann Rogers
      • Grief
    • Brendan Galvin
      • Fragments #1 and #3
    • David Ray
      • Six Months After
    • Naomi Shihab Nye
      • Shoulders
    • C. D. Wright
      • On the Eve of Our Mutually Assured Destruction
    • D. Nurkse
      • The Reunification Center
  • RICHARD POWERS (b. 1957)
    • The Seventh Event
  • WILLIAM T. VOLLMANN (b. 1959)
    • Red Hands
  • SHERMAN ALEXIE (b. 1966)
    • At Navajo Monument Valley Tribal School
    • Pawn Shop
    • Sister Fire, Brother Smoke
    • Tourists
    • 3. Marilyn Monroe
    • The Exaggeration of Despair
    • Crow Testament
    • Do Not Go Gentle
  • JHUMPA LAHIRI (b. 1967)
    • Sexy


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